Last modified on 26 January 2015, at 20:34

Index:Nahuatl

This is the Nahuatl index. It is a list that should contain all Nahuatl terms correctly sorted. More topics and pages about this language may be found at Category:Nahuatl language. A complete list of language indices can be found at Index:All languages.

SuffixesEdit

  • -co. at, in the place of
  • -pan. on, on top of
  • -tica. with, using, through.
  • -tlan. among, between.

Root WordsEdit

AEdit

  • aca. Somebody, someone.
  • acahualli. Sunflower.
  • acattopa. First, in the first place.
  • achcauhtli. Leader
  • achi miecpa. Frequently.
  • achto. First
  • achtontli. Great-grandfather, ancestor.
  • achtopa. firstly, in the first place
  • aci. to arrive
  • acicamatl. To understand
  • ahuacatl. Testicle.
  • ahuiliztli. Joy
  • ahuitl. Aunt
  • aic. Never
  • altepepan. At the city
  • altepetl. City, town, population
  • amantecatl. Artisan,
  • amatl. Paper, codex (book)
  • amazolli. Old paper (tradition)
  • amehuan, amehuantin. You, plural reverential: amehuantzitzin. (pronoun)
  • ameyalli. Fountain, source.
  • amini. Hunter
  • amiqui. Thirsty (adj), to be thirsty.
  • amo. No
  • amo cualli. Bad, wrong.
  • amo ... zan. Not ... but.
  • amotlein. Nothing
  • amoxcalli. Library, also book shelf
  • amoxtli. Book
  • an-. You, plural (prefix).
  • ana. To take, to grab.
  • aocmo. Not any more.
  • aocmo huecauh. In a moment, just a moment.
  • apizmiqui. Famine, to be dying of hunger.
  • aquimamatcayoti. Stubbornness
  • aquin. Who (?) plural: aquique.
  • atenemachpan. Suddenly
  • atl. Water. reverential: atzintli.
  • atiacuihuayan. Artesian well.
  • atli. To drink water; to drink non-alcoholic beverages.
  • atolli. Atole, drink made of corn.
  • atonahui. Fever, to have f.
  • auh. And, but.
  • axihuayan. Hotel, lodging, sometimes refuge.
  • axiltia (nite-). To accompany.
  • axiltia (nitia-). To complete, to fulfill.
  • axitia. To get close, to come closer.
  • axixcalli. Restroom (sanitary)
  • axixmiqui. To have the need to go to the restroom.
  • ayamo. Not yet.
  • ayaxcanyotica. Slowly.
  • ayohui. Easily, easy.
  • ayotl. Turtle, tortoise.
  • ayotl. Juice. (long 'a' makes it different from 'tortoise)
  • azcatl. Ant.
  • azcapotzalli. Anthill.
  • azo zan. perhaps (?), maybe (?).

CEdit

  • ca. To be. Because. plural: cate.
  • ca ye cualli. All right, OK.
  • cahua. To leave (release an object)
  • cahuitl. Time.
  • calacoayan. Door (THE door).
  • calaqui. To come in, to get inside.
  • calli. House. Also used as generic word for buildings.
  • calmanani. Architect.
  • calpolli. Tribe.
  • caltentli. Door.
  • camachaloa. To open one's mouth.
  • camactli. Mouth.
  • camanallahtoa. To joke.
  • camapaca. To wash one's mouth.
  • camapotoniliztli. Bad breath.
  • camatl. Mouth.
  • campa. Where (?).
  • can. Where (?), plural: canin.
  • caqui. To hear.
  • catca. Was, were.
  • caxitl. Bowl.
  • caxpechtli. Plate, dish (lit. 'bowl-bed')
  • caxtiltecatl. Spaniard.
  • caxtolli omei. Eighteen.
  • caxtolli once. Sixteen.
  • ce. One.
  • ce. One of (when followed by a pronown).
  • cecemilhuitica. Daily, Every day.
  • cemanahuatl. World, universe (figurative).
  • cemiac. Always, for ever.
  • cempanahuia. To exceed, to surpass, to outdo.
  • cempoalli. Twenty.
  • cenca. Very.
  • cenca cualli. Very well
  • cenquizca. Perfectly, completely
  • cenyohual. All night
  • cetl. Ice.
  • chantli. House. (home).
  • chia. To wait. past: ochix.
  • chicahuac. Healthy, strong, tough, hard. plural: chicahuaque.
  • chicnahui. Nine
  • chicoace. Six.
  • chicome. Seven.
  • chicuey. Eight.
  • chihua. To do, to make.
  • chihuilia. To do (to someone).
  • chipahua. To clean.
  • chiquihuitl. Basquet.
  • choca. To cry, weep. plural: chocah.
  • chocolatl. chocolate.
  • choloa. To flee, to run away.
  • choquilia. To cry, weep.
  • choquilitzatzi. To cry, bawl.
  • choquiltia. To make someone cry.
  • ciciammicqui. Tired, fatigued.
  • cihtli. Grandmother. Hare. plural: cicihtin.
  • cihuapillahtocatzintli. Queen.
  • cihuapilli. Lady, princess.
  • cihuatl. Woman, female. plural: cihuah.
  • cihuatotolin. Turkey hen.
  • citialin. Star.
  • ciyahui. To get tired.
  • coatl. Snake. plural: cocoah.
  • cochcahua. To let sleep
  • cochcayotl. Dinner
  • cochehua (nite-). To awake, awaken.
  • cochi. To sleep. plural: cochih.
  • cochiantli. Dormitory.
  • cochihuayan. Bedroom.
  • cochitlehua. To dream. "Seeing in your sleep".
  • cochitta. To dream. "Seeing in your dream". Visions (mystic).
  • cochmiqui. Sleepy, to be sleepy, drowsy.
  • cocoa. To hurt (suffer pain).
  • cococ. Hot, spicy.
  • cocotona. To dismember, destroy, demolish.
  • cocoxcacalli. Hospital.
  • cocoxcacalpan. At the hospital.
  • cocoxqui. Sick, diseased.
  • cohua. To buy, purchase.
  • colli. Grandfather. plural: coltin.
  • colotl. Scorpion.
  • comalli. Flat pan (for cooking)
  • comitl. Cooking pot.
  • conetl. Child, kid. plural: coconeh.
  • coni. To drink.
  • copina. To extract. (to get one thing out from another)
  • cotona. To cut.
  • cozamalotl. Rainbow.
  • cua. To eat.
  • cuacuahuitl. Horn, antler.
  • cuahuitl. Tree, log.
  • cuaitl. Head. (used only in composite words).
  • cualli. Well, good (adverb).
  • cualli ic. Good (adjective).
  • cuallotl. Goodness.
  • cuauhmaitl. Branch.
  • cuauhmayoh. That has branches.
  • cuauhtla. Woods, forest.
  • cueitl. Skirt.
  • cueponi. To grow.
  • cuetlachtli. Wolf
  • cueyatl. Frog.
  • cuica. To sing.
  • cuicani. Singer.
  • cuicatl. Song.
  • cuico. Singing.
  • cuicoa. Singing.
  • cuicuizcati. Swallow (bird).
  • cuitlatl. Excrement.
  • cuitlaxcolli. Guts.
  • cuix. Maybe, could it be...
  • cuix ye huecanh. Has it been long since… (?).

EEdit

  • eiehuia. To wish. To desire.
  • etl. Beans.

HEdit

  • hikuri. Sacred peyote medicine
  • huauhtli. Amaranth.
  • hualehua. To come.
  • hualhuica. To bring, fetch.
  • huallauh. To come. past: ohualia.
  • hualmonochilia. To call (ask someone to come).
  • hualnemi. To be born.
  • hualquiztia. To go out. Future.
  • hualtepotztoca. To follow (someone).
  • hueca. Far, distant.
  • huecauhtica. For a while, for some time (short).
  • huehca. Far.
  • huehue. Old. plural: huehuetque.
  • huehuetlahtolli. Old word. Cultural legacy, tradition, culture.
  • hueitlamahuizoltica. Wonderfully
  • huel. Right, well. Is used as 'can' with another verb in future tense.
  • huelic. Tasty, good.
  • hueltiuhtli. Sister.
  • huetzca. To laugh.
  • huetzi. To fall down.
  • huetzquitia. To make laugh.
  • huexolotl. Turkey.
  • huica. To take (something-someone to another place).
  • huilotl. Pigeon.
  • huiptla. The day after tomorrow.
  • huitzitzilin. Hummingbird.

IEdit

  • i. To drink
  • ic. That's why, because.
  • ica. With.
  • ica paquiliztli. Gladly.
  • icalixpan. In front of someone's home
  • ichantzinco. In someone's home, to someone's home.
  • ichcatl. Lamb.
  • ichpochtli. Young woman. plural: ichpopochtin.
  • icihuahuatzin. Wife.
  • iciuhca. Quickly, Fast.
  • icniuhtli. Brother, friend.
  • icnotl. Poor.
  • icpalli. Chair, stool.
  • icuac. When. While.
  • icuitlapan. Behind.
  • icxitl. Foot, (human) leg, (animal) back leg.
  • ihcuiloa. To write.
  • ihcuilotic. It is written that
  • ihtoa. To talk, to say.
  • ihuan. And.
  • ihuicpa. From.
  • ilhuia. To tell.
  • ilhuicatl. Sky, heaven. ilhuicac.- At the sky, at heaven.
  • imacaci. To fear, to be afraid.
  • in aquin. The one who - .
  • in canin. Where. At.
  • in ihuicpa. From
  • in oquic. While.
  • in oyuh. Once that -, as soon as -
  • in quenin. How.
  • in tiein. The one that, the one which.
  • in xochtl in cuicatl. Poetry, poem.
  • in yuh. Like, as.
  • inech monequi. It's necessary.
  • inin. This.
  • iniquein. These.
  • iniqueon. Those.
  • inon. That.
  • intia. If.
  • intzalan. Between.
  • ipan. On, on top of.
  • itech calli. Inside the house.
  • ititl. Belly.
  • itqui. To take, to carry.
  • itquin. When (?).
  • itta. To see.
  • itzcuintli. Dog. plural: itzcuintin.
  • ixcueloa. To nod (say yes with the head).
  • ixmati. To know. past: oquixmat.
  • ixquich. Every, everything, all.
  • ixtelolotl. Eye.
  • izcatqui. Here is -, this is it.
  • iztac. White.
  • iztalia. To whiten.
  • iztatl. Salt.
  • iztaya. To become white.
  • iztitl. Finger nail.

MEdit

  • ma. To hunt.
  • ma xipatinemi. May you be well, farewell.
  • maca. To give.
  • macamo. Negation. macamo xitequipacho = do not worry.
  • macehualli. Commoner, not of the nobility.
  • machiotil Signal. reverential: machiotzintli.
  • machtia. To teach, to show.
  • macuilli. Five.
  • macuilli ic. Fifth.
  • maitl. Hand.
  • maiahua. To slip.
  • maquixtia. To save, to release, to set free.
  • mati. To know.
  • matlactli. Ten.
  • matli. Arm, (animal) front leg.
  • mauhcatlayecoani. Coward.
  • maxitia. To come closer, to get closer. (from moaxitia).
  • mayana. Hunger, to be hungry.
  • mazatl. Deer. plural: mamazah.
  • mecatl. Rope.
  • mehua. To get up, to stand up.
  • melahuac. Straight.
  • metlatl. Grinding stones.
  • metzli. Herb.
  • meztli Moon. Month.
  • mexicatl. Mexican.
  • michin. Fish.
  • mictia. To kill.
  • mihtoa. It is said that.
  • millacatl. Farmer, country laborer.
  • miqui. To die.
  • mitz-. - you, to you.
  • miztli. Puma, cougar.
  • mizton. Cat.
  • mocactia. To put shoes on.
  • mocahuilia. To leave (something)
  • mocehuia. To rest.
  • mocentlalia, To gather, reunite.
  • mochantia. To reside, to live at.
  • mochi. Everything, all. plural: mochintin.
  • mochihua. To happen (an event).
  • mochihua. To become, to turn into.
  • mochipa. Always.
  • mocochcayotia. To dine, have dinner.
  • mococoa. To be sick.
  • mocuepa. To transform oneself, to turn into.
  • mohuelmati. To feel good.
  • molcaxitl. Grinding stone (for salsa).
  • momaquilia. To give.
  • momaquixtilia. To free, to liberate.
  • momatequia. To wash one's hands.
  • momauhtia. To be frightened.
  • momayahui. To throw oneself.
  • momotzoa. To rub, massage.
  • momoztlae. Daily, every day.
  • monamictia. To marry.
  • monequiltia. To love.
  • mopopolhuilia. To forgive.
  • moquetza. To stand up.
  • motenehua. One's name, to be called (used as a verb).
  • motlalia. Sit on, to be placed at
  • motlaquentia. To get dressed.
  • motlatoa. To run.
  • moyetztica. To be. Plural, reverential: moyetzicate.
  • moztla. Tomorrow

NEdit

  • nacaocuilin. Maggot (lit. 'meat-worm')
  • nacatl. Meat.
  • nacayotl. Body.
  • nacaztli. Ear.
  • nahualli. Warlock, witch.
  • nahuatia. To command, to order.
  • nahuatlahtolli. Nahuatl language.
  • nahuatlatoltica. In nahuatl language.
  • nahui. Four.
  • nalquiza. To pass, pass by.
  • namaca. To sell.
  • namictli. Husband, wife.
  • nanquilia. To answer, to respond.
  • nantli. Mother. plural: nantin. Reverential: nantzintli.
  • ne, nehua, nehuatl. I, me.
  • nech-. To me.
  • neci. To appear (materialize).
  • nehnemi. To walk.
  • nelhuayotl. Root, base, foundation.
  • nemachtiloyan. School.
  • nemi. To live.
  • nenepilli. Tongue.
  • nequi. To want.
  • neuctli. Honey.
  • ni-. I, me (as a prefix).
  • nican. Here.
  • niltze. Hello (!).
  • niman. Later, afterwards.
  • nimanic. Right away, now.
  • nimitzittaz. I'll see you.
  • nixtamalli. Corn paste for tortillas or tamales.
  • no. Also.
  • nocenyeliz. My family.
  • nochtli. Cactus (nopal).
  • nohuan. With me.
  • nohuican. Also, too.
  • noihuan. Also, too.
  • notza. To call someone, to talk with someone.
  • notzontecon. My head.
  • noyuhqui. Also, too.
  • nozo. Or, either.

OEdit

  • oc. Still, yet.
  • oc achi. More. A little more.
  • oc cequi. Another. plural: oc cequin.
  • oc yohuatzinco. Very early, at dawn.
  • occe. Another.
  • occe tlamantli. Something else, one more thing.
  • occepa. Again.
  • occequi. Another. plural: occequintin.
  • ocelotl. Jaguar.
  • ocnamacoyan. Bar, liquor store.
  • ocuilin. Worm, maggot.
  • ohtli. Road, way, trail.
  • ohualla. Came.
  • ome. Two.
  • omitl. Bone.
  • ompa. There.
  • onehua. To depart.
  • oni. To drink.
  • onimitzittac. I saw you.
  • onimitzittacca. I had seen you.
  • opoch. Left (side).
  • opochtli. Left (side).
  • oquichtli. Male. plural: oquichtin.
  • otiacicoh. We have arrived.
  • oztotl. Cave.
  • oztoc: In the cave.

PEdit

  • paca. To wash.
  • pactia. To please, to give pleasure.
  • pahcalli. Drugstore.
  • pahpiani. Pharmaceutic (profession).
  • pahti. To cure
  • pahtia. To cure
  • pahtli. Medicine.
  • palehuia. To help.
  • paltic. Wet.
  • pampa. Because
  • panoltia. To invite someone in.
  • papaca. To wash.
  • papalotl. Butterfly.
  • papatlaca. To tremble, to shiver, to shake.
  • paqui. To be happy.
  • patlani. To fly.
  • patzca. To squeeze, to juice.
  • pechtli. Bed.
  • pehua (ni-). To start, to begin.
  • pehua (nic-). To win, to triumph.
  • petlatl. Bed.
  • pilli. Son.
  • pilli. Noble, prince.
  • piltzintli. Son. (Reverential)
  • pitzahuac. Thin,. plural: pitzahuaque.
  • pitzotl. Pig.
  • pochtecatl. Merchant, salesperson.
  • poctli. Smoke.
  • pohua. To count, to read.
  • popoca. To smoke.
  • potoni. To stink, to smell bad.

QEdit

  • quema. Yes.
  • quenin. How (?)
  • quenin otimohuicac? How did it go ?.
  • quezqui. How much? How many?
  • quilmach. It is said, they say.
  • quimichin. Mouse.
  • quin axcan. Recently, a short while ago.
  • quin tepan. Later, afterwards.
  • quiyahui. To rain.
  • quiyahuitl. Rain.
  • quiza. To go out.
  • quizaliztli. Migration, departure.

TEdit

  • tahtli. Father. plural: tahtin. reverential: tahtzintli.
  • tamalli. Tamale.
  • te, tehua, tehuatl. You. reverential: tehuatzin.
  • tech-. We, to us.
  • techalotl. Squirrel.
  • teci. To grind.
  • tecolotl. Owl.
  • tecuani. Wild beast.
  • tecuhtli. Lord. plural, reverential : tecuhtzintli.
  • tehuan, tehuantin. We, us.
  • Teica ?. Why ?.
  • tel. But.
  • telpochcalli. College, university.
  • telpochtli. Boy, young man. plural: telpopochtin.
  • temachtiani. Teacher, tutor. plural: temachtianimeh, reverential: temachticatzintli.
  • temamauhti. Horrible, terrifying, scary. plural: temamauhtique.
  • temazcalli. Steam bath.
  • temo. To descend, to go down.
  • temoa. To look for.
  • teneyeyecoitiliztli. Temptation.
  • teniza. To breakfast.
  • tennamiqui. To kiss.
  • tentli. Lip. Edge, border.
  • tentzontli. Moustache, whiskers.
  • teocalli. Temple.
  • teocuitlatl. Gold (literally, wonderful waste).
  • teopixqui. Priest. plural: teopixque.
  • teotl. Wonderful, awesome. Terrifying. To some scholars, God.
  • teotlac. Afternoon, during the afternoon.
  • tepahtiani. Doctor, medic, healer.
  • tepec. Hill.
  • tepehuani. Conquistador.
  • tepepan. At the hill, in the wilderness.
  • tepetl. Mountain, volcano.
  • tepolli. Penis.
  • teponaxtli. Snail.
  • tequipachoa. To worry.
  • tequipanoa. To work, to labor.
  • tetl. Stone, rock.
  • texocotl. Tejocote (small winter fruit).
  • texocotzopelloti. Tejocote jam, preserved tejocotes.
  • ti-. You (singular). Us (subject prefix).
  • ticitl. Doctor, medic, healer.
  • titlani. To send.
  • tlaca. Afternoon. Late.
  • tlacachihua. To procreate, to have children.
  • tlacamati. To obey.
  • tlacamatli. Obedience.
  • tlacatecolotl. Devil. Literally "Afternoon Owl", "Owl man".
  • tlacatilia. To get pregnant, conception.
  • tlacatl. Person. plural: tlacah. Reverential: tlacatzintli.
  • tlachia. To look, to see.
  • tlachpana. To sweep, To broom.
  • tlacua. To eat, to feed.
  • tlacualchihualoyan. Kitchen.
  • tlacualli. Food.
  • tlacualoyan. Diner, dining room.
  • tlacualtia. To feed, to give food.
  • tlahtlacolli. Offense.
  • tlahtli. Uncle.
  • tlahtoa. To talk, to speak.
  • tlahtoani. King. plural: tlahtoanime.
  • tlahtocayotl. Kingdom, state, nation.
  • tlahtolli. Language, tongue, Word, speech.
  • tlahtoque. Nobles, princes.
  • tlahuilli. Light.
  • tlalia. To put.
  • tlalticpac. At or on the earth.
  • tlamachtilli. Pupil. plural: tlamachtiltin.
  • tlamaneloa. To swim.
  • tlamatini. Wise person, wisdom. plural: tlamatinime.
  • tlami. To finish. past: otlan.
  • tlaneci. Dawn.
  • tlanequiliztli. Will, willpower.
  • tlantli. Tooth.
  • tlaocoya. Sad, to be sad.
  • tlaolli. Corn.
  • tlapaloa. To greet.
  • tlapalotiuh. To go to greet someone.
  • tlapana. To break.
  • tlapoa. To open. (as well, 'tlapohua')
  • tlapopolhuia. To forgive.
  • tlaquemitl. Clothes.
  • tlathui. Dawn.
  • tlatla. To burn.
  • tlatlacalhuia. To offense, to insult.
  • tlatlani. To ask (a question).
  • tlatlatilcuahuitl. Firewood.
  • tlatquitl. Patrimony.
  • tlatzacuillotl. Door (THE door).
  • tlatzomia. To meow.
  • tlaxcalchihua. To make tortillas.
  • tlaxcalli. Tortillas, bread.
  • tlaxcalmana. To make bread.
  • tlaza. To bring down, to knock down.
  • tlazocamati. Thanks, Thank you.
  • tlazohtla. To love.
  • tlazolli. Garbage, waste.
  • tle inic amo. Why not ?.
  • tle ipampa. Why ?.
  • tleca. Why ?.
  • tleco. To climb, to go up.
  • tlecuil. Stove.
  • tlecuilco. On the stove.
  • tlecuilli. Stove, cooking fire.
  • tlen. What.
  • tletl. Fire.
  • toca. To sow.
  • toca. To bury.
  • tocaitl. Name. reverential: tocatzintli.
  • tocatl. Spider.
  • tochtli. Rabbit.
  • tohtli. Falcon
  • toltecatl. Wise one, Science man, Knowledgeable.
  • tomahuac. Fat, thick.
  • tonalli. Day.
  • tonehua. To hurt, to suffer pain.
  • totechmonequi, totech monequi. We need.
  • totolayotl. Chicken soup.
  • totolin. Turkey.
  • totoltetl. Egg.
  • tototl. Bird.
  • tozquitl. Throat.
  • tzacua. To close.
  • tzahualli, spider web.
  • tzatzi. To scream, to shout.
  • tzontecomatl. Head.
  • tzontli. Hair.
  • tzopelic. Sweet.

XEdit

  • xacamitl. Adobe
  • xayacatl. Face.
  • xihuitl. Herb. Leaf. Year.
  • xinachtli. Seed.
  • xiquipiltontli. Bag.
  • xitomatl. Tomato.
  • xochicualli. Fruit (lit. flower-good)
  • xochitl. Flower.
  • xococ. Sour.
  • xocotl. Plum.
  • xocoyotzin. The smallest, the youngest.
  • xonacatl. Onion.
  • xoncalaqui. Get in (!).
  • xoxoctic. Green.

YEdit

  • yacatl. Nose.
  • yalhua. Yesterday.
  • yancuic. New.
  • yauh. To go.
  • ye. Ready, done.
  • ye tlaca. It's late.
  • ye, yehua, yehuatl. He, she, it. reverential: yehuatzin.
  • yec. Right (side).
  • yeccaqui. To understand, to comprehend.
  • yeceh. Though, nonetheless.
  • yectenehua. To bless, to sanctify.
  • yectli. Good, beautiful, pretty, nice. plural: yeyectin.
  • yehuan, yehuantin. They. reverential: yehuantzitzin.
  • yei. Three.
  • yemania. To become soft.
  • yemanilia. To make soft.
  • yencuic. New.
  • yencuilia. To make new.
  • yencuiya. To become new.
  • yetiayohuac. It's night, It's late.
  • yetic. Heavy.
  • yetl. Bean.
  • yohuac. Night.
  • yohualtica. At night.
  • yolcatl. Insect.
  • yoli. To live.
  • yollotl. Heart.
  • yolpaqui. To be happy.
  • yuhquin. Like this, this way.

ZEdit

  • zan niman. Right away, immediately.
  • zan tepitzin. Just a little. exp
  • zatepan. Later. adj
  • zatlatzonco. Lastly, finally. con
  • zayolin. Fly (the insect). sus
  • zazanilli. Story, tale. sus
  • zolin. Quail. sus
  • zoquipan. In the mud. exp
  • zoquitl. Mud. sus
  • zoquiyo. Muddy. exp

aEdit

ahhuachpōctli

cEdit

cītlalin

chEdit

chāntli

cuEdit

cuxin

eEdit

eztli

hEdit

huEdit

huehxōlōtl

iEdit

ihīyōtl

lEdit

mEdit

mihtohtli

nEdit

nochtli
nohpalli

oEdit

oquichtli

pEdit

pahtli

quEdit

Quetzalcoatl
quiquiztli

tEdit

tōtōtl

tlEdit

tlapetlānilli

tzEdit

tzictli

xEdit

xīhuitl

yEdit

yōltlazohtlaliztli

Xocoyotzin means Junior or smallest/youngest

zEdit

zānīlli