- Leyden (archaic)
Borrowing from Dutch Leiden, said to be from Proto-Germanic *līþa- (“canal”). Leiden has historically been associated with the Roman outpost Lugdūnum Batāvōrum and so it was thought the name Leiden had to be derived from this Latin name. This particular castellum was however closer to the town of Katwijk, whereas the Roman settlement near modern-day Leiden was called Matilo.
Connected with leiden (“to bear, to endure, to suffer”).
Leiden n (genitive Leidens, plural Leiden)
Leiden n (genitive Leidens)