Reconstruction:Proto-Balto-Slavic/dérwa

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This Proto-Balto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Balto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *derw-o-m, from *dóru (wood).

NounEdit

*dérwa n[1][2]

  1. tree

InflectionEdit

Mobile accent.

Declension of *dérwa (o-stem)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative *derwa *derwai *derwāˀ
Accusative *derwa *derwai *derwāˀ
Genitive *derwā *derwāu(ˀ) *derwōn
Locative *derwai *derwāu(ˀ) *derwaišu
Dative *derwōi *derwamā(ˀ) *derwamas
Instrumental *derwōˀ *derwamāˀ *derwōis
Vocative *derwa *derwai *derwāˀ

DescendantsEdit

The ā-stems of Baltic may be remnants of the original plural, reanalysed as singulars. The acute found in these languages may be an (East) Baltic innovation; Slavic offers no evidence either way due to Meillet's law.

  • Latvian: dar̂va (tar)
  • Lithuanian: dervà (tar, resin)
  • Proto-Slavic: *dȇrvo (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*dȇrvo”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 99: “*der(ʔ)wom”
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “derva”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 123: “*der(ʔ)wom”