Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/bikkos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-CelticEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain; possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bʰég-ko-s, from *bʰeg- (to break) +‎ *-kos.[1]

AdjectiveEdit

*bikkos

  1. small, little

InflectionEdit

O/ā-stem
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *bikkos *bikkou *bikkoi
vocative *bikke *bikkou *bikkūs
accusative *bikkom *bikkou *bikkoms
genitive *bikkī *bikkous *bikkom
dative *bikkūi *bikkobom *bikkobos
instrumental *bikkū *bikkobim *bikkobis
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *bikkā *bikkai *bikkās
vocative *bikkā *bikkai *bikkās
accusative *bikkam *bikkai *bikkams
genitive *bikkās *bikkous *bikkom
dative *bikkai *bikkābom *bikkābos
instrumental *? *bikkābim *bikkābis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *bikkom *bikkou *bikkā
vocative *bikkom *bikkou *bikkā
accusative *bikkom *bikkou *bikkā
genitive *bikkī *bikkous *bikkom
dative *bikkūi *bikkobom *bikkobos
instrumental *bikkū *bikkobim *bikkobis

AntonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Brythonic: *bɨx
    • Middle Breton: bihan
    • Cornish: boghan
    • Middle Welsh: bach, bychan
  • Old Irish: bec, becc
  • ? Vulgar Latin: *pittus, *piccus (see there for further descendants)

Further readingEdit

  • Henry, Victor (1900) , “bihan”, in Lexique étymologique des termes les plus usuels du breton moderne (Bibliothèque bretonne armoricaine; III) (in French), J. Plihon et L. Hervé, page 35

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*bekko-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 60
  2. ^ Martínez Estévez, Higinio (1996) Ensayo de gramática del céltico antiguo común (in Spanish), page 48