Reconstruction:Proto-Finnic/hepoi

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This Proto-Finnic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-FinnicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unclear. Commonly suspected to derive from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos in some fashion, but no clear source has been found. Metathesis from earlier *ehpo has been suggested, with a possible parallel in *haapa), which would then be borrowed from Proto-Germanic *ehwaz. LÄGLOS remains skeptical about the possibility.

Has been compared earlier also with Danish hoppe (adult female horse), Old Norse hoppa (from Proto-Germanic *huppōną), or with Eastern Mari чома (čoma, foal), Komi-Zyrian чань (čanʹ, foal), Udmurt чуньы (ćunʹy, foal) but since 1950 these have been considered phonetically untenable. The Komi and Udmurt words are possibly rather cognate with *sonni.

NounEdit

*hepoi

  1. horse

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Estonian: hobu
  • Finnish: hepo
  • Karelian: hepo, hopo
  • Veps: hebo
  • Votic: õpo, opo

ReferencesEdit

  • Kylstra, A.D.; Hahmo, Sirkka-Liisa; Hofstra, Tette; Nikkilä, Otto. 1991–2012. Lexicon der älteren germanischen Lehnwörter in den ostseefinnischen Sprachen. Amsterdam: Rodopi.