Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-þiz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-tis. See also *-iþō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*-þiz f

  1. Forms abstract nouns from verb roots, usually from strong verbs.

InflectionEdit

i-stemDeclension of *-þiz (i-stem)
singular plural
nominative *-þiz *-þīz
vocative *-þi *-þīz
accusative *-þį *-þinz
genitive *-þīz *-þijǫ̂
dative *-þī *-þimaz
instrumental *-þī *-þimiz

Usage notesEdit

There are several variant forms based on the final consonant of the stem and the original position of the accent:

  • Ending in a dental: *-siz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Ending in an obstruent: *-tiz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Otherwise: *-þiz, *-diz

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

This suffix was no longer productive in the daughter languages. The following lists outcomes of derived terms.

  • Old English:
  • Old Saxon: -th
  • Old Dutch: *-t
  • Old High German: -d
    • German: -d
  • Old Norse: -ðr
  • Gothic: -𐌸𐍃 (-þs)