Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/aljaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ályos.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

*aljaz[1]

  1. other, another, else
    Synonym: *anþeraz

InflectionEdit


Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Among most descendants, only the genitive survives as an adverb *aljas (other, else), or in other formations (*aljǭ (but), *aljalīkô (otherwise)) or compounds, e.g., *aljalandijaz ~ *alilandijaz ~ *aljalandiją (foreign country).

  • West Germanic: *alljas
    • Old English: elles
    • Old Frisian: elles, ellis
    • Old Dutch: elles
      • Middle Dutch: els
    • Old High German: elles, alles

Further readingEdit

  • Ringe, Donald, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, →ISBN

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus, “*alja-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2013, →ISBN, page 23