Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/aljaz

This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂élyos.

Pronunciation

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Determiner

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*aljaz[1]

  1. other, another, else
    Synonym: *anþeraz

Inflection

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Derived terms

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  • *aljǭ (concubine; woman other than man’s main wife)
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Descendants

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Among most descendants, only the genitive survives as an adverb *aljas (other, else), or in other formations (*aljô (otherwise, or), *aljalīkô (otherwise)) or compounds, e.g., *aljalandijaz ~ *alilandijaz ~ *aljalandiją (foreign country).

  • Proto-West Germanic: *alljas
    • Old English: elles
    • Old Frisian: elles, ellis
    • Old Dutch: elles
      • Middle Dutch: els
    • Old High German: elles, alles

Further reading

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  • Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN

References

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  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*alja-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 23