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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/arbaidiz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *arbaiþiz. Apparently linked to a verb *arbijaną, *arbāną (be orphaned), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). Compare, with a different suffix, Proto-Slavic *orbota (work).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑr.βɑi̯.ðiz/

NounEdit

*arbaidiz f[1]

  1. labour, work, toil
  2. hardship, suffering

InflectionEdit

i-stemDeclension of *arbaidiz (i-stem)
singular plural
nominative *arbaidiz *arbaidīz
vocative *arbaidi *arbaidīz
accusative *arbaidį *arbaidinz
genitive *arbaidīz *arbaidijǫ̂
dative *arbaidī *arbaidimaz
instrumental *arbaidī *arbaidimiz

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*arbaidi-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 33