This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Etymology edit

Akin to Proto-Slavic *želsti (attested only in Old Church Slavonic жлѣсти (žlěsti) and Old East Slavic желести (želesti)). If not an early borrowing from Germanic, these may be from common Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ-.[1] Old Irish gell (pledge) may also continue the same root.[2]

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit


  1. to pay
  2. to have/give value

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*geldan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 173-174
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003) “*ʒelđanan”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology[1], Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 130-131