Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/skaftaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *skeh₂p- (rod, shaft, staff, club), potentially from a root *(s)ke(H)p- (to strike, beat). Compare Proto-Slavic *kopьje (spear, javelin), Ancient Greek σκῆπτρον (skêptron, staff, baton) and Latin scapus (shaft), which Albanian shkop (stick) may also derive from or merely be cognate with.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*skaftaz m

  1. shaft

InflectionEdit

masculine a-stemDeclension of *skaftaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *skaftaz *skaftōz, *skaftōs
vocative *skaft *skaftōz, *skaftōs
accusative *skaftą *skaftanz
genitive *skaftas, *skaftis *skaftǫ̂
dative *skaftai *skaftamaz
instrumental *skaftō *skaftamiz

DescendantsEdit