This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

Deadjectival form of *úd-er-o-s, variant of *údteros (higher, outer), from *úd (out, outward) +‎ *-teros (contrastive suffix).

Noun edit

*úderos m[1][2]

  1. abdomen, stomach

Inflection edit

nominative *úderos
genitive *úderosyo
singular dual plural
nominative *úderos *úderoh₁ *úderoes
vocative *údere *úderoh₁ *úderoes
accusative *úderom *úderoh₁ *úderoms
genitive *úderosyo *? *úderoHom
ablative *úderead *? *úderomos
dative *úderoey *? *úderomos
locative *úderey, *úderoy *? *úderoysu
instrumental *úderoh₁ *? *úderōys

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *wēˀdera (belly, stomach)[3] (< Winter's law < *udera) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic:
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *udáras (belly, abdomen, stomach) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *uderos[4]
    • Latin: uterus (womb, uterus, belly) (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*udero-”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 517
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “udero-, u̯ēdero-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 1, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 3
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “vėdaras”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 494
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “uterus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 647: “*(H)ud-ér-o-”