This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Reconstruction edit

The nominative singular form is underlyingly */ḱérd/, yielding the surface form *ḱḗr which is itself evident in Ancient Greek κῆρ (kêr) and Hittite 𒆠𒅕 (ker). This reconstruction is the only instance in PIE where a loss of */d/ after */r/ with compensatory lengthening of the preceding vowel occurred. It is not clear whether this is an isolated example, or a part of a broader process such as Szemerényi's law.

Noun edit

*ḱḗr n

  1. heart

Inflection edit

Athematic, amphikinetic
nominative *ḱḗr
genitive *ḱr̥dés
singular dual plural
nominative *ḱḗr *ḱérdih₁ *ḱérdh₂
vocative *ḱḗr *ḱérdih₁ *ḱérdh₂
accusative *ḱḗr *ḱérdih₁ *ḱérdh₂
genitive *ḱr̥dés *? *ḱr̥dóHom
ablative *ḱr̥dés *? *ḱr̥dmós
dative *ḱr̥déy *? *ḱr̥dmós
locative *ḱḗr, *ḱérdi *? *ḱr̥dsú
instrumental *ḱr̥déh₁ *? *ḱr̥dmís

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit