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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱm̥tóm

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Some sort of derivation from *déḱm̥ (ten) (with Pre-IE *d lost or merged with *h₁ in the same way the initial dental obstruent was lost in the oblique cases of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth)), perhaps its ordinal number (*dḱm̥t + *-ó-). If so then this could come from some phrase, "tenth ?", whose substantive noun can only be conjectured.

NumeralEdit

cardinal number
100 Previous: *h₁néwn̥h₁ḱomt
Next: *ǵʰéslom

*ḱm̥tóm or *dḱm̥tóm (uninflected)

  1. hundred

DescendantsEdit

  • Balto-Slavic: *śímta
    • Latvian: simts
    • Lithuanian: šimtas
    • Slavic: *sъto (with irregular *im > ъ; the expected outcome is **sęto) (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *kantom (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *hundą, *hundaradą (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *hekətón (with unexpected prefix *he-, perhaps by analogy with ἕν (hén) or inheritance from *h₁ḱm̥tóm)
  • Indo-Iranian: *ćatám (see there for further descendants)
    • Uralic: *śata (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *kentom
    • Latin: centum (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *känte

ReferencesEdit