Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱm̥tóm

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Some sort of derivation from *déḱm̥t (ten) (with Pre-IE *d lost or merged with *h₁ in the same way the initial dental obstruent was lost in the oblique cases of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth)), perhaps its ordinal number (*déḱm̥t +‎ *-ó-). If so then this could come from some phrase, "tenth", whose substantive noun can only be conjectured.

Numeral

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Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  90 100 1,000  > 
    Cardinal : *ḱm̥tóm

*ḱm̥tóm or *dḱm̥tóm (uninflected)

  1. hundred

Descendants

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  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *śímtan < (< *ḱḿ̥tom) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Celtic: *kantom (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *hundą (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *hekətón (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *ćatám (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *kentom (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Tocharian: *känte[1] (see there for further descendants)

References

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  1. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) “kante”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 146-147