Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-éyti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

SuffixEdit

*(Ø)-éyti

  1. Forms aktionsart verbs from roots.

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, athematic
3rd singular *(Ø)-éyti
3rd plural *(Ø)-yénti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(Ø)-éymi *(Ø)-ḗm *(Ø)-éyoh₂ *(Ø)-iyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *(Ø)-éysi *(Ø)-éys *(Ø)-éy, *(Ø)-idʰí *(Ø)-éyesi *(Ø)-iyéh₁s
3rd singular *(Ø)-éyti *(Ø)-éyt *(Ø)-éytu *(Ø)-éyeti *(Ø)-iyéh₁t
1st dual *(Ø)-iwós *(Ø)-iwé *(Ø)-éyowos *(Ø)-yih₁wé
2nd dual *(Ø)-ités *(Ø)-itóm *(Ø)-itóm *(Ø)-éyetes *(Ø)-yih₁tóm
3rd dual *(Ø)-ités *(Ø)-itā́m *(Ø)-itā́m *(Ø)-éyetes *(Ø)-yih₁tā́m
1st plural *(Ø)-imós *(Ø)-imé *(Ø)-éyomos *(Ø)-yih₁mé
2nd plural *(Ø)-ité *(Ø)-ité *(Ø)-ité *(Ø)-éyete *(Ø)-yih₁té
3rd plural *(Ø)-yénti *(Ø)-yént *(Ø)-yéntu *(Ø)-éyonti *(Ø)-yih₁ént
Participle *(Ø)-yónts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(Ø)-ih₂ér *(Ø)-ih₂é *(Ø)-éyoh₂er *(Ø)-yih₁h₂é
2nd singular *(Ø)-ith₂ér *(Ø)-ith₂é *(Ø)-isó *(Ø)-éyeth₂er *(Ø)-yih₁th₂é
3rd singular *(Ø)-itór, *(Ø)-yór *(Ø)-itó, *(Ø)-yó *? *(Ø)-éyetor *(Ø)-yih₁tó, *(Ø)-yih₁ó
1st dual *(Ø)-iwósdʰh₂ *(Ø)-iwédʰh₂ *(Ø)-éyowosdʰh₂ *(Ø)-yih₁wédʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *(Ø)-imósdʰh₂ *(Ø)-imédʰh₂ *(Ø)-éyomosdʰh₂ *(Ø)-yih₁médʰh₂
2nd plural *(Ø)-idʰh₂wé *(Ø)-idʰh₂wé *(Ø)-idʰh₂wé *(Ø)-éyedʰh₂we *(Ø)-yih₁dʰh₂wé
3rd plural *(Ø)-irór, *(Ø)-yn̥tór *(Ø)-iró, *(Ø)-yn̥tó *? *(Ø)-éyoror, *(Ø)-éyontor *(Ø)-yih₁ró, *(Ø)-yih₁n̥tó
Participle *(Ø)-ym̥h₁nós

Usage notesEdit

This derivational suffix was affixed directly to roots in the zero grade, and appears to form athematic perfective and imperfective verbs, as well as thematic imperfectives.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 411: “stem-forming element *-ey-/-i-”