Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-rós

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Suffix edit

*(Ø)-rós[1]

  1. Forms adjectives from Caland system roots.

Inflection edit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *(Ø)-rós *(Ø)-réh₂
genitive *(Ø)-rósyo *(Ø)-réh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-rós *(Ø)-róh₁ *(Ø)-róes
vocative *(Ø)-ré *(Ø)-róh₁ *(Ø)-róes
accusative *(Ø)-róm *(Ø)-róh₁ *(Ø)-róms
genitive *(Ø)-rósyo *? *(Ø)-róHom
ablative *(Ø)-réad *? *(Ø)-rómos
dative *(Ø)-róey *? *(Ø)-rómos
locative *(Ø)-réy, *(Ø)-róy *? *(Ø)-róysu
instrumental *(Ø)-róh₁ *? *(Ø)-rṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-réh₂ *(Ø)-réh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-réh₂es
vocative *(Ø)-réh₂ *(Ø)-réh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-réh₂es
accusative *(Ø)-rā́m *(Ø)-réh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-réh₂m̥s
genitive *(Ø)-réh₂s *? *(Ø)-réh₂oHom
ablative *(Ø)-réh₂s *? *(Ø)-réh₂mos
dative *(Ø)-réh₂ey *? *(Ø)-réh₂mos
locative *(Ø)-réh₂, *(Ø)-réh₂i *? *(Ø)-réh₂su
instrumental *(Ø)-réh₂h₁ *? *(Ø)-réh₂mis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-róm *(Ø)-róy(h₁) *(Ø)-réh₂
vocative *(Ø)-róm *(Ø)-róy(h₁) *(Ø)-réh₂
accusative *(Ø)-róm *(Ø)-róy(h₁) *(Ø)-réh₂
genitive *(Ø)-rósyo *? *(Ø)-róHom
ablative *(Ø)-réad *? *(Ø)-rómos
dative *(Ø)-róey *? *(Ø)-rómos
locative *(Ø)-réy, *(Ø)-róy *? *(Ø)-róysu
instrumental *(Ø)-róh₁ *? *(Ø)-rṓys

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Albanian: *-ra
  • Proto-Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: -ար (-ar)
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-ras
    • Eastern Baltic:
    • Proto-Slavic: *-rъ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Celtic: *-ros
  • Proto-Germanic: *-raz (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *-rós
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *-rás
  • Proto-Italic: *-ros
    • Latin: -er (after a consonant), -rus
  • Proto-Tocharian: *-re

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN