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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to bow, to bend; elbow

Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ulna”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 638

External sourcesEdit

  • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “⁸el-, elē̆i-, lē̆i-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 307 of 307, 308
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ὠλένη”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1678–1679