Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰer-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*bʰer- (imperfective)[1]

  1. to bear, carry

Derived termsEdit

Extended form *bʰr-ew-
  • (possibly) *bʰrews- (belly)[20]
    • *bʰrews-o-[21]
    • *bʰrus-on-[20]
      • Celtic: *brusū (belly, abdomen, chest, breast)[20] (see there for further descendants)
    • Unsorted formations:
      • Germanic:
        • *breustą (breast, chest) (see there for further descendants)
        • *brusts (breast, chest) (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*burjan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 85
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “forda”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 232
  4. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[1] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 92
  5. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*bērō-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 61
  6. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1974), “*berdja”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 01, Moscow: Nauka, page 188
  7. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “φέριστος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1562
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “φέρω, -ομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 1562–1563
  9. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bèrmę”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 37
  10. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “φερνή”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1562
  11. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “φέρνιον”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1562
  12. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “barrë”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 19
  13. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*barna-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 53
  14. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “bark”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 18
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997), “Sacrifice”, in Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 496
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 413
  17. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “bir”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 26
  18. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*bringan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 77
  19. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*buri-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 85
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bruson-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 81
  21. 21.0 21.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bŗȗxo; *bŗȗxъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 63