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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰewd-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

ReconstructionEdit

Per Kroonen, the root represents a fossilized denominal form of Proto-Indo-European *bʰew-, derived from an earlier t-extension.

RootEdit

*bʰewd-[1]

  1. to beat, to push

Derived termsEdit

  • *bʰé-bʰ(o)ud-(e)-ti[1] or *bʰ(o)ud-néh₂-(ye)-ti (from an earlier *bʰ(o)ut-néh₂-)[2]
    • Germanic: *bautaną (to beat) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰud-nós
    • Germanic: *buttaz (piece, cut off) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰ(ə)ud-réh₂[3] (possibly)
    • Slavic: *budra (ground ivy)

Related forms with plain *-t include:

  • *bʰowt-éh₂-(ye)-ti (eh₂-denominal factive)
  • *bʰowt-se-h₂yé-ti (s-perfective fientive)
    • Slavic: *busati (to struggle, to push yourself)[5]
  • bʰut-ís
    • Old Armenian: բութ (butʿ, dull)
  • Unsorted formations:

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰeu̯d-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 82
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*bautan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 56
  3. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1976), “budra”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 03, Moscow: Nauka, page 77
  4. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1976), “butati”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 03, Moscow: Nauka, page 102
  5. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1976), “busati (sę)”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 03, Moscow: Nauka, page 101