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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bew-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

ReconstructionEdit

An onomatopoeic doublet of *bʰew- (to inflate, to blow).

RootEdit

*bew-[1]

  1. to blow, to whizz, to turmoil
  2. to strike, to poke

DescendantsEdit

  • *bow-eh₂yé-ti (eh₂-causative)
    • Ancient Greek: βοάω (boáō, to hawl)
  • *bow-to- (t-participle)

ExtensionsEdit

  • *bowk-
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *bučati (to howl, to roar)[3] (see there for further descendants)
      • Slavic: *bykъ (bull) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *pukkô (see there for further descendants)
  • *bowks-
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *buxati (to strike with a boom)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: buxus (possibly)
        • → Ancient Greek: πύξος (púxos)
        • → Germanic: *buhsuz (see there for further descendants)
  • *bowl-
    • Celto-Italic:
      • Gaulish: bulla (blister)
        • → Latin: bulliō (to bubble, to boil)
    • Germanic: *būlō (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *pullaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *bowr-

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 97
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “būteō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 77
  3. ^ The same verb also means to clump, to bloat which is likely an extension of *bujаti (to sprout, to rage) < *bʰew-.
  4. ^ This lemma can as well be a r/n-derivative of *bujаti < *bʰew-.