Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dʰwes-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Seemingly related to *dʰewh₂- ((to emit) smoke, vapor, mist, haze), with which there may be confusion in some descendants.

RootEdit

*dʰwes-[1]

  1. to breathe (in or out)
  2. breath
  3. spirit, soul > creature

Derived termsEdit

  • *dʰews-óm
    • Germanic: *deuzą (animal) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰews-ós
    • Germanic: *deuzaz (wild, fierce, bold) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰows-o-s
  • *dʰwés-(e)-ti
    • Balto-Slavic: *dwéstei[6]
      • Lithuanian: dvė̃sti (to breathe (out), exhale, blow, sigh; to breathe one's last, perish)
      • Latvian: dvèst (to breathe (heavily), cough)
  • >? *dʰus- (zero-grade root present)[1]
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Slavic: [Term?]
        • Old Church Slavonic: из-дъшє (iz-dŭše, to breathe one's last, die)
  • >? *dʰus-yé-ti[1]
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Latvian: dust
      • >? Slavic: *duxati (see there for further descendants)
  • >? *dʰus-h₁yé-ti[1]
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Latvian: dusêt
      • Lithuanian: dūsė́ti (to breathe heavily; to gasp; to sob); ? dusė́ti (to cough)
      • >? Slavic: *dyšàti (see there for further descendants)
  • >? *dʰwēs-
    • >? Italic: [Term?] (initial *f expected)
      • Latin: bēstia (see there for further descendants)

Unsorted formations:

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “*dʰu̯es- ‘(ein-, aus-)atmen’”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 160
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*dȗxъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 124
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “dausos”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 117–118
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*dūxàti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 124
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “dausios”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 117
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “dvėsti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 149
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*dvoxati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 128
  8. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “dvėselė”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 149