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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/gʰerdʰ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*gʰerdʰ-

  1. to enclose, to encircle
  2. enclosure, fence, belt

Derived termsEdit

  • *gʰerdʰ- (root present)
    • Germanic: *gerdaną (to gird) (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰr̥dʰ-yé-ti (ye-present)
    • Germanic: *gurdijaną (to gird) (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰórdʰ-os[1][2][3][4]
    • Albanian: *garda
      • Albanian: gardh (fence)
    • Balto-Slavic: *gardas (enclosure)
      • Latvian: gãrds
      • Lithuanian: gar̃das (pen, enclosure)
      • Slavic: *gȏrdъ (town, city) (see there for further descendants)
      • → Mordvinic:
    • Germanic: *gardaz (see there for further descendants)
    • Tocharian:
      • Tocharian B: kerccī (palace) (< *gʰórdʰijo)
  • *gʰr̥dʰ-ós
    • (perhaps) Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (gurtas, citadel)
      • Luwian: [script needed] (gurta)
    • Indo-Iranian: *gʰr̥dʰás (house)[5] (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰerdʰ-eh₂
    • Germanic: *gerdō (girdle) (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʰr̥dʰ-el-os
    • Germanic: *gurdilaz (girdle) (see there for further descendants)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “gardh”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 110
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*gȏrdъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 178
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “gardas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 164-165
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*garda-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 169
  5. ^ Nyberg, H. S. (1974), “gāl”, in A Manual of Pahlavi, Part II: Glossary, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, page 80ab