This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

The roots *h₂ep- ((body of) water) and *h₁egʷʰ- (to drink) are probably unrelated. A connection to *h₁eḱ- (swiftness, celerity) has been proposed, in which case the semantic development would be "that which is swift" > "river" (as attested in Germanic) > "water" (as in Latin).

Noun edit

*h₂ékʷeh₂ f

  1. water

Inflection edit

Thematic in *-eh₂
nominative *h₂ékʷeh₂
genitive *h₂ékʷeh₂s
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂ékʷeh₂
vocative *h₂ékʷeh₂
accusative *h₂ékʷām
genitive *h₂ékʷeh₂s
ablative *h₂ékʷeh₂s
dative *h₂ékʷeh₂ey
locative *h₂ékʷeh₂, *h₂ékʷeh₂i
instrumental *h₂ékʷeh₂h₁

Synonyms edit

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Germanic: *ahwō (water) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Germanic: *awjō (island) (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-Germanic: *Skadinawjō (Scania, Scandinavia) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *akʷā
    • Latin: aqua (see there for further descendants)
  • Lusitanian: aqua (river)