Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂el-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*h₂el- (imperfective)

  1. to grow, nourish

Derived termsEdit

  • *h₂él-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *h₂ol-éye-ti (causative)
    • Germanic: *aljaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *oleō
  • *h₂él-o-mn-o-s (mediopassive participle)
  • *h₂el-mn̥-to-m
  • *h₂el-mos
    • Italic: *almos
      • Latin: almus (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂él-ti-s ~ *h₂l̥-téy-s
    • Germanic: *aldiz (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂el-tó-s
    • Celtic: *altos (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *aldaz (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *altos
      • Latin: altus (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂el-dʰr-o-m or *h₂el-tr-ó-m
    • Germanic: *aldrą (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂el-wó-s
    • Italic: *alwos (perhaps)
      • Latin: alvus (see there for further descendants)
  • *pro-h₂el-
    • Italic:
      • Latin: prōlēs (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂el-dʰ-

RootEdit

*h₂el-

  1. beyond, other

Derived termsEdit

RootEdit

*h₂el- (imperfective)

  1. to wander, roam

Derived termsEdit

  • *h₂el-éh₂-ye-ti
  • *h₂l-éh₂
    • Ancient Greek: ἄλη (álē, wandering)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latvian: aluot (to wander around, to get lost)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ἀλύω (alúō, to wander in mind, to roam)
    • Italic:
    • Tocharian:
      • Tocharian A: āl-
      • Tocharian B: āl- (to keep away, check, restrain)

ReferencesEdit

  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 volumes, Bern, München: Francke Verlag
  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*alla-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 23
  2. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) , “allek”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 30
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 59