Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/leǵ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*leǵ- (imperfective)[1]

  1. to gather, collect, with derivatives meaning to speak.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • *léǵ-e-ti (root present)[1][2]
    • Proto-Albanian: *ledza[3] (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Hellenic: *légō
    • Proto-Italic: *legō
      • Latin: legō (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Tocharian: *läk- (to look at, see, literally to gather (with the eyes))[4]
  • *lōǵ-éh₂ye-ti[5][4]
  • *leǵ-s (root noun)[6]
    • >? Proto-Italic: *lēks
      • Latin: lēx (see there for further descendants)
      • Marrucinian: lixs
  • *leǵ-no-m
    • Proto-Italic: *lignom
      • Latin: lignum (see there for further descendants)
  • *leǵ-mn̥
    • ? Proto-Italic: *legūmen (with insertion)
      • Latin: legūmen (see there for further descendants)
  • *loǵ-o-s
    • Proto-Hellenic: *loǵos
      • Ancient Greek: λόγος (lógos) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Iranian:
        • Middle Persian: [script needed] (lazūr, forest) (possibly)

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “legō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 332
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “λέγω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 841–842
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “mbledh”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 251
  4. 4.0 4.1 Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “läk-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 596–597
  5. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*lōkōjanan”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 249
  6. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “lēx, lēgis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 337