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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/súHros

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

AdjectiveEdit

*súHros (non-ablauting)[1][2]

  1. sour, acidic, salty

InflectionEdit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *suHrós *suHréh₂
genitive *suHrósyo *suHréh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *suHrós *suHróh₁ *suHróes
vocative *suHré *suHróh₁ *suHróes
accusative *suHróm *suHróh₁ *suHróms
genitive *suHrósyo *? *suHróoHom
ablative *suHréad *? *suHrómos
dative *suHróey *? *suHrómos
locative *suHréy, *suHróy *? *suHróysu
instrumental *suHróh₁ *? *suHrṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *suHréh₂ *suHréh₂h₁(e) *suHréh₂es
vocative *suHréh₂ *suHréh₂h₁(e) *suHréh₂es
accusative *suHrā́m *suHréh₂h₁(e) *suHréh₂m̥s
genitive *suHréh₂s *? *suHréh₂oHom
ablative *suHréh₂s *? *suHréh₂mos
dative *suHréh₂ey *? *suHréh₂mos
locative *suHréh₂, *suHréh₂i *? *suHréh₂su
instrumental *suHréh₂h₁ *? *suHréh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *suHróm *suHróy(h₁) *suHréh₂
vocative *suHróm *suHróy(h₁) *suHréh₂
accusative *suHróm *suHróy(h₁) *suHréh₂
genitive *suHrósyo *? *suHróoHom
ablative *suHréad *? *suHrómos
dative *suHróey *? *suHrómos
locative *suHréy, *suHróy *? *suHróysu
instrumental *suHróh₁ *? *suHrṓys

DescendantsEdit

  • Balto-Slavic: *sū́ˀras[1] (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *sūraz[2] (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 436-437: “*súH-ro-”
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*sūra-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 493: “*súHro-”