Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/sed-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*sed- (perfective)[1][2]

  1. to sit

Derived termsEdit

  • *sédt ~ *sdént (athematic root aorist)
  • *sí-sd-e-ti (thematic i-reduplicated present)
  • *séd-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Proto-Celtic: *sedeti (see there for further descendants)
  • *séd-ti (athematic root present)
  • *sed-s- (sigmatic aorist)
  • *séd-ye-ti (ye-present)
  • *sod-éye-ti (to set, causative)
  • *sed-éh₁-ye-ti (eh₁-stative)
  • *sed-éh₂-ye-ti (eh₂-factitive)
    • Proto-Italic:
      • Latin: sēdō (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱye-sd-é-ti (< perhaps originally meaning sit/set here)
    • Proto-Italic: *kezdō
      • Latin: cēdō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sēd-s, *sed-es (root noun)[3]
  • *sed-ti-
    • Proto-Hellenic: *hétstis
    • Proto-Italic:
      • Latin: sessiō (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *sēˀstei
      • Latvian: sēsties (to sit down, infinitive)
      • Lithuanian: sė́sti (to sit down, infinitive)
      • Proto-Slavic: *sěsti (to sit down, infinitive)
  • *séd-os ~ *séd-es
  • *sod-ó- (< with affected meanings perhaps similar to set out)
  • *sōd-o-
    • Welsh: sawdd (sinking, immersion)
    • Proto-Germanic: *sōtą (soot) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sod-yom (seat)
  • *sod-dʰo-s
  • *sed-lo- (seat)[4]
    • Proto-Armenian:
    • Proto-Celtic: *sedlom (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Germanic: *setlaz (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Hellenic: *héllā
    • Proto-Italic: *sedlā
      • Latin: sella (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Slavic: *sědlo (see there for further descendants)
  • *sé(d)-tlom
    • Proto-Germanic: *seþlą
      • Proto-West Germanic: *seþl (seat, sitting) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sed-tlóm ~ *sed-tróm
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *satˢtrám (sacrificial gathering) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sod-tlō-
    • Proto-Germanic: *sadulaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *sed-tós (seated) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sed-ro-
  • *sed-yeh₂
  • *ni-sd-ós (nest)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
      • (possibly) Old Armenian: զիստ (zist)
      • (possibly) Old Armenian: առիճ (aṙič)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
    • Proto-Hellenic:
    • Proto-Germanic: *sētiz (possible to sit on) (see there for further descendants)

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008) Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 590-600
  2. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “*sedeō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  4. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1988) The Proto-Indo-European Instrument Noun Suffix *-tlom and its Variants (Historisk-filosofiske Meddelelser; 55), Copenhagen: Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, →ISBN, page 13: “2.7. *sed-lah₂ (and *sed-lo-) “seat””