Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/suH-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Has been suggested to derive from *sewH- (to give birth) if the original meaning was “sow”.[1]

Possibly related to Akkadian 𒊺𒄷𒌑 (še-hu-u₂, pig) (Old Babylonian šahû), which may be an Indo-European borrowing, as well as Sumerian 𒋚 (šah), 𒂄 (šaḫ) and 𒍢𒄴 (ze₂-eh).[2][3]

NounEdit

*suH-

  1. pig, hog, swine

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Albanian: *sūs[4]
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
  • Proto-Germanic: *sūz, *swīną (from an adjectival form) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *hūs
    • Ancient Greek: ὗς (hûs)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *suH- (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic:
  • Proto-Tocharian:
    • Tocharian B: suwo (< *suw-on-)

From the derived root with velar stop *suh₂kéh₂:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 603
  2. ^ Clackson, James (2002) Indo-European Word Formation: Proceedings from the International Conference, p. 387–388
  3. ^ Whittaker, Gordon (2008), “The Case for Euphratic”, in Bulletin of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences[1], volume 2, issue 3, pages 156–168.
  4. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[2] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 226