This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructionsEdit


Has been suggested to derive from *sewH- (to give birth) if the original meaning was “sow”.[1]

Possibly related to Akkadian 𒊺𒄷𒌑 (še-hu-u₂, pig) (Old Babylonian šahû), which may be an Indo-European borrowing, as well as Sumerian 𒋚 (šah), 𒂄 (šaḫ) and 𒍢𒄴 (ze₂-eh).[2][3]



  1. pig, hog, swine


This noun needs an inflection-table template.


  • Proto-Albanian: *sūs[4]
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
  • Proto-Germanic: *sūz, *swīną (from an adjectival form) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *hūs
    • Ancient Greek: ὗς (hûs)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *suH- (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic:
  • Proto-Tocharian:
    • Tocharian B: suwo (< *suw-on-)

From the derived root with velar stop *suh₂kéh₂:


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 603
  2. ^ Clackson, James (2002) Indo-European Word Formation: Proceedings from the International Conference, p. 387–388
  3. ^ Whittaker, Gordon (2008), “The Case for Euphratic”, in Bulletin of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences[1], volume 2, issue 3, pages 156–168.
  4. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[2] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 226