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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/swé

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

This stem (and its substantive pronoun) was originally a reflexive element referring to all persons and numbers (as in Sanskrit and in Balto-Slavic). Its wider use can still be seen in Homer, when ὅς (hós) means "my own" or "your own" (e.g. Odyssey 11.142, 9.28).

PronounEdit

*swé

  1. self (reflexive pronoun)

DeclensionEdit

Andrew Sihler's reconstruction
singular
nominative
accusative *s-wé ~ *se
genitive *sé-we ~ *sos (adj.)
ablative *sw-ét
dative *sébʰi ~ *sey, *soy
Donald Ringe's reconstruction
singular
nominative
accusative *swé ~ *se
genitive *séwe ~ *soy
dative *sébʰye ~ *soy
Robert Beekes' reconstruction
singular
nominative
accusative *swé
genitive *séwe ~ *soy
dative *sebʰyo, *soy
possessive adjective *swós
Michiel de Vaan's reconstruction
singular
nominative
accusative *s(w)é ~ *se
genitive *sewe
dative *sebʰyo
poss. adj. *swós

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page ἴδιος of 577-578