Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/swé

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

EtymologyEdit

This stem (and its substantive pronoun) was originally a reflexive element referring to all persons and numbers (as in Sanskrit and in Balto-Slavic). Its wider use can still be seen in Homer, when ὅς (hós) means "my own" or "your own" (e.g. Odyssey 11.142, 9.28).

PronounEdit

*swé

  1. self (reflexive pronoun)

DeclensionEdit

Andrew Sihler's reconstruction
singular
nominative
accusative *s-wé ~ *se
genitive *sé-we ~ *sos (adj.)
ablative *sw-ét
dative *sébʰi ~ *sey, *soy
Donald Ringe's reconstruction
singular
nominative
accusative *swé ~ *se
genitive *séwe ~ *soy
dative *sébʰye ~ *soy
Robert Beekes' reconstruction
singular
nominative
accusative *swé
genitive *séwe ~ *soy
dative *sebʰyo, *soy
possessive adjective *swós
Michiel de Vaan's reconstruction
singular
nominative
accusative *s(w)é ~ *se
genitive *sewe
dative *sebʰyo
poss. adj. *swós

Derived termsEdit

  • *swe-
  • *séw-o-s (< genitive *séwe)
    • Hellenic: *héwos
    • Italic: *sowos[1] (see there for further descendants)
  • *swéd-yo-s (< ablative *swéd)
  • (possibly) *swó-lo-s
  • *swo-yo-s
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
  •  ? *swe-sin[7]
  •  ? *swe-de-sin[7]

DescendantsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “sē”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 549
  2. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 57
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἕ, ἑ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 365
  4. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 214, 267
  5. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 416–417
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page ἴδιος of 577-578
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*swe- ‘self, own’”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 361