This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

From *werh₁- (to speak, say), with the extension *-dʰh₁-o- (from *dʰeh₁- (to put)), which expresses the perfective aspect. [1]

Noun edit

*werdʰh₁om n

  1. word

Inflection edit

nominative *werdʰh₁om
genitive *werdʰh₁osyo
singular dual plural
nominative *werdʰh₁om *werdʰh₁oy(h₁) *werdʰh₁eh₂
vocative *werdʰh₁om *werdʰh₁oy(h₁) *werdʰh₁eh₂
accusative *werdʰh₁om *werdʰh₁oy(h₁) *werdʰh₁eh₂
genitive *werdʰh₁osyo *? *werdʰh₁oHom
ablative *werdʰh₁ead *? *werdʰh₁omos
dative *werdʰh₁oey *? *werdʰh₁omos
locative *werdʰh₁ey, *werdʰh₁oy *? *werdʰh₁oysu
instrumental *werdʰh₁oh₁ *? *werdʰh₁ōys

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *wardas (from the o-grade *wordʰh₁om)
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *wirdas (from the zero-grade *wr̥dʰh₁om)
    • Old Prussian: wirds
    • Proto-Finnic: *virci (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *wurdą (from the zero-grade *wr̥dʰh₁om[2]) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *werβom (see there for further descendants)

References edit