Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/kanH-

This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-Iranian edit

Etymology edit

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *kenh₂- (to be pleased, enjoy), infixed nasal stem of *keh₂- (to like, wish).

Root edit

*kanH- or *čanH-

  1. to love, take pleasure in
  2. to dig, destroy

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *kanH-
  • Proto-Iranian: *kanH-, *čanH- / *činH-
    • Avestan: 𐬐𐬀𐬥-(kan-, to love, take pleasure in)
    • Shughni: чу̊н (čū̊n, please; I swear) (the existence of this word is uncertain)

Derived terms edit

Usage notes edit

Cheung remarks that the nominal derivative *čánHah has become a suffix of "wish" in several languages, semantically comparable to Ancient Greek -φιλος (-philos, -phile).

References edit

  • Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2003), “*čan- / *čin-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 217–218
  • Edelʹman, D. I. (2011), “*³kan- : *čan- / *čin-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume IV, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 216–217
  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 233f
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[2] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 296f, 528
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2014), “Armenian čandari ‘plane tree’”, in Iran and the Caucasus[3], volume 18, issue 1, pages 51–63