Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/ǰánHh

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This Proto-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-IranianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ǰánHs, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷénh₂s. Doublet of *gnáHh.

NounEdit

*ǰánHh f[1]

  1. woman
  2. wife

DescendantsEdit

  • Central Iranian:
  • Northeastern Iranian:
  • Southeastern Iranian:
  • Northwestern Iranian:
    • Baluchi: جن(jan)
    • Kurdish:
      Central Kurdish: ژن(jin)
      Northern Kurdish: jin
      Southern Kurdish: ژن(jin)
      Laki: ژن(jin), ژەن(jen)
    • Medo-Parthian: [Term?]
      • Caspian:
        • Gilaki: زن(zən)
        • Old Mazanderani: زنا(zinā)
        • Old Gorgani جن(ǰan)
      • Parthian: (/žan/)
        Manichaean: 𐫋𐫗(jn)
        • Old Armenian: ժնիկան (žnikan, the royal court of women)[4]
      • Tatic: [Term?]
        • Talysh: [Term?] (/žen/)
          Arabic: ژن
          Latin: jen
        • Old Tati:
          Old Azari: زن(zan), ژن(žan)
      • Zaza-Gorani:
  • Southwestern Iranian:
    • Middle Persian: (/zan/, woman; wife)
      Manichaean: 𐫉𐫗(zn)
      Book Pahlavi: [Book Pahlavi needed] (NYŠE), [Book Pahlavi needed] (zn')
      Psalter Pahlavi: [Psalter Pahlavi needed] (NYŠE)
      • Lurish:
        Northern Luri: زن(zan)
        Bakhtiari: زن(zan)
        Southern Luri: زن(zan)
      • Classical Persian: زن(zan, woman; wife)
        Dari: زن(zan)
        Iranian Persian: زن(zan)
        Tajik: зан (zan)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander, “jáni-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project)‎[1], Leiden University, 2011
  2. ^ Bailey, H. W., “jīśkā”, in Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, 1979, page 110
  3. ^ Gharib, B., “ʾync”, in Sogdian dictionary: Sogdian–Persian–English, Tehran: Farhangan Publications, 1995, page 153b
  4. ^ Bailey, H. W., “jīśkā”, in Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, 1979, page 110