Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/(j)ęčьmy

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. Sometimes linked to Proto-Indo-European *h₂enk- (to bend) (see *ǫkotь (hook)),[1] but the semantics are dubious. Alternatively, to Ancient Greek ἀκοστή (akostḗ, barley), Latin acus (bran; awn), Old English ēar (ear of grain), Gothic 𐌰𐌷𐌰𐌽𐌰 (ahana, awn; chaff), Tocharian B āk (ear, awn), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- (sharp, pointed; awn),[2] though Beekes rejects the Greek connection.[3] This suffers phonetic problems, namely that is unexpected and the nasal vowel would be unexplained. A third possibility is substrate origin, like many other agricultural terms in Indo-European.

NounEdit

*(j)ęčьmy m[1]

  1. barley

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*ęčьmy”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 156–157: “m. n ‘barley’”
  2. ^ Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “ячме́нь”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἀκοστή”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 55