Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-išče

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (West Slavic, partially Belarusian and Ukrainian): *-isko.
  • (with -ov- formant, taken from u-stems, and influenced by verbs on -ovati and adjectives on -ovъ): *-ovišče.

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *isk-je. Originally it was probably used exclusively denominally for forming augmentatives, and later a semantic shift to place names occurred. E.g. *bolto (mud)*boltišče (large mud, a lot of mud) > "there where is muddy". Deverbal formations from verbs on *-iti are a late innovation.

SuffixEdit

*-išče n

  1. Denominal, denoting places or spaces.
    *gnojь (manure, pus, dung)*gnojišče (midden, cesspool, manure pile)
    *ogňь (fire)*ognišče (fireplace)
    *sǫdъ (judgement, trial)*sǫdišče (court)
    *lovъ (hunting, hunt)*lovišče (hunting area/ground)
  2. Denominal, forming augmentatives, denoting increase or growth of quality.
    *dvorъ (court, courtyard)*dvorišče (yard)
    *tъrgъ (commodity, wares; market)*tъržišče (market, fairground)
  3. Denominal, forming emotionally colored nouns, mostly augmentatives (usually with pejorative connotation), rarely diminutives.
    *baba (old woman)*babišče (hag)
    *čudo (wonder)*čudovišče (monster)
  4. Denominal, forming nouns denoting a handle of a tool.
    *kosa (scythe)*kosišče (scythe handle)
    *toporъ (axe, hatchet)*toporišče (axe handle)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Category Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-išče not found


DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ище (-išče)

ReferencesEdit

  • Šekli, Matej (2012) , “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)‎[2], Helsinki: University of Helsinki, page 77f
  • Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974) Słownik prasłowiański (in Polish), volume I, Wrocław: Polska Akademia Nauk, page 95ff