Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/běda

This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic

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Etymology

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Opinions alternate between:

Convergence of the two sources cannot be excluded either.

Noun

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*bě̄dà f[1][2][3]

  1. trouble, misery, misfortune
  2. adversity, calamity
  3. (by extension) poverty, need

Declension

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Derived terms

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  • *běditi (to compel, to coerce, to defeat; to persuade, to slander, to cuss)
  • *obida (unfairness) (not certain)

Descendants

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Further reading

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  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1975), “*běda”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 2 (*bez – *bratrъ), Moscow: Nauka, page 54
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “беда”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “беда”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 39
  • bėda”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012
  • baidyti”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012
  • Eric P. Hamp (1985) “Indo-European *bheHi-, Latin foedus, and Balto-Slavic”, in Indogermanische Forschungen, pages 66-69

References

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  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*bě̄dà”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 38:f. ā (b) ‘need, poverty, misery’
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “běda -y”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:b (SA 78; PR 135)
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) “bẹ́da”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition, https://fran.si:Pslovan. *běda̋