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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European root noun *bʰēlHs (white surface or stain). Cognate with Lithuanian bãlas (white), báltas (white) and Latvian bãls (pale), balts (white).



  1. white


Accent paradigm b.

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Colors in Proto-Slavic · *květi (layout · text)
(of animals) *bronъ
     *sivъ, *śěrъ      *čьrnъ
(of animals) *vornъ
     *smědъ, *snědъ
(of animals) *gnědъ
             ?              *čьrvenъ, *rudъ, ?              *granivъ              *žьltъ
(of animals) *solvъ, *polvъ
             *zelenъ              *zelenъ, *grěnъ              {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              ?, ?
             *polvъ              *modrъ, *sinjь              ?, ?              ?, *bagъrъ


  • Non-Slavic languages:


  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ↑ISBN, page 40
  • Gluhak, Alemko (1993) Hrvatski etimološki rječnik (in Serbo-Croatian), Zagreb: August Cesarec, page 130
  • Skok, Petar (1971) Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume I, Zagreb: JAZU, page 152ff
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “белый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1975), “*bělъ(jь)”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 02, Moscow: Nauka, page 79ff