This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *budḗˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰ-éh₁ye-ti, from *bʰewdʰ- (to be awake).


*bъděti impf[1][2]

  1. to be awake


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: бъдѣти (bŭděti)

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “бдеть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “бдительный”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 80
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1976), “*bъděti”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 03, Moscow: Nauka, page 109


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bъděti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 68: “v. (c?) ‘be awake’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “bъděti: bъdjǫ bъditь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c våge (PR 139)”