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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *gaustei, from Proto-Indo-European *gowh₂-dʰh₁-y-óti, denominative form of *gewH- (to call, invoke, cry).[1]


*gǫsti impf

  1. to make a sound, hum, sing
  2. to weep, wail, howl
  3. to play an instrument



  • East Slavic:
    • Russian: густь (gustʹ, to howl, weep, sing) (dialectical), густи́ (gustí, to hum, make a sound, howl, weep, sing) (dialectical)
    • Ukrainian: густи́ (hustý, to hum) (dialectical)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: гѫсти (gǫsti), гѫдѫ (gǫdǫ, play an instrument, 1sg.)
      Glagolitic: ⰳⱘⱄⱅⰹ (gǫsti), ⰳⱘⰴⱘ (gǫdǫ, play an instrument, 1sg.)
    • Serbo-Croatian: gústi (to play, hum) (archaic)
    • Slovene: gósti, gódem (to play the violin, play the fiddle, grumble, 1sg.)
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: housti (to play (the violin)) (archaic)
    • Polish: gąść (to play, jingle, strum) (archaic)
    • Slovak: húst’ (play an instrument, chatter incessantly)


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 183