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Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/kǫsati

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Per Vasmer, derived from *kǫ̑sъ (piece); but per Trubachev, the noun is derived from the verb. Cognate with Lithuanian ką́sti (to bite) (1sg. kándu), Latvian kuôst (to bite) (1sg. kuôžu). Possibly cognate with some or all of Ancient Greek κνώδων (knṓdōn, knife, blade, prong), κνώδαλον (knṓdalon, wild beast), Old High German hantag (sharp, cutting), Sanskrit खादति (khā́dati, to chew, to bite), Persian خاییدن (xâyidan, to chew), Old Armenian խածանեմ (xacanem, to bite). Per Derksen, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kanˀd-, from which a Proto-Indo-European root such as *k(ʷ)end- or *k(ʷ)enHd(ʰ)- can be constructed.

VerbEdit

*kǫsati impf

  1. to bite

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*kǫsati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 243
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “куса́ть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “кус”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1985), “*kǫsati”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 12, Moscow: Nauka, pages 65–66