This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *mandras, from Proto-Indo-European *mondʰh₁ros, from *mendʰh₁- +‎ *-rós, possibly from *men- +‎ *dʰeh₁-.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian mañdras, mandrùs (cheerful, lively), Latvian muôdrs, muôžs (cheerful, lively, alert, vigorous).

Indo-European cognates include Proto-Germanic *mundraz (awake; alert; eager) (< *mn̥dʰh₁ros), Avestan 𐬨𐬄𐬰𐬛𐬭𐬀(mązdra-).

Сf. Sanskrit मेधा (medhā, mental power, wisdom, intelligence), Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬰𐬛𐬁(mazdā) (< *mns- dʰeh₁-).



  1. wise


Accent paradigm b.

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit


Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “мудрый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “мудрый”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 547
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1994) , “*mǫdrъ”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 20, Moscow: Nauka, page 130


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*mǫ́drъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 329: “adj. o (b) ‘wise’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “mǫdrъ mǫdra mǫdro”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b (SA 21, 108, 110f., 146, 199; PR 136)”