This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *aln-, *eln-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁olHnih₂.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian élnis (deer), álnis (deer), élnias (deer), élnė (doe), álnė (doe), Latvian alnis (elk) and Old Prussian alne (deer?).

Indo-European cognates include Ancient Greek ἑλλός (hellós, deer-calf), ἔλαφος (élaphos, deer), Old Armenian եղն (ełn) and Middle Irish ailit (doe, hind).

From the e-grade of the same Indo-European root also *elenь (deer), and from a different extension also *olsь (elk).


*òlni f[1]

  1. doe
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*òlni”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 368: “f. ā (a) ‘doe’”

Etymology 2Edit

Relic locative case of Proto-Indo-European *h₂ól-h₁n- (that, previous time) (< *h₂el- (alien, other)), cognate with Latin ōlim (at that time). Suffix perhaps identical with n-extension of Lithuanian pérnai (last year), Latvian pērn (last time), Proto-Germanic *fernaz (recent, previous). According to some interpretations, may be a 0-grade of the root that has yielded Ancient Greek ἕνος (hénos, former time).



  1. last year
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “oln(i)”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c sidste år (PR 138)”
  2. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “lani”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “Pslovan. *olni̋”