Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/olni

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *aln-, *eln-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁olHnih₂.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian élnis (deer), álnis (deer), élnias (deer), élnė (doe), álnė (doe), Latvian alnis (elk) and Old Prussian alne (deer?).

Indo-European cognates include Ancient Greek ἑλλός (hellós, deer-calf), ἔλαφος (élaphos, deer), Old Armenian եղն (ełn) and Middle Irish ailit (doe, hind).

From the e-grade of the same Indo-European root also *elenь (deer), and from a different extension also *olsь (elk).

NounEdit

*òlni f[1]

  1. doe
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*òlni”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 368: “f. ā (a) ‘doe’”

Etymology 2Edit

Relic locative case of Proto-Indo-European *h₂ól-h₁n- (that, previous time) (< *h₂el- (alien, other)), cognate with Latin ōlim (at that time). Suffix perhaps identical with n-extension of Lithuanian pérnai (last year), Latvian pērn (last time), Proto-Germanic *fernaz (recent, previous). According to some interpretations, may be a 0-grade of the root that has yielded Ancient Greek ἕνος (hénos, former time).

AdverbEdit

*olni[1][2]

  1. last year
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “oln(i)”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c sidste år (PR 138)”
  2. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “lani”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “Pslovan. *olni̋”