Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/valъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably convergence of two or more cognate terms, at least some of which reflect Proto-Balto-Slavic *wālás (o-stem) ~ *wālús (u-stem), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *welH- (to revolve). Cognate with Lithuanian võlas (clump, rolling, large wave), dial. Latvian vā̀ls, vâls (descend).

Some descendants have added/innovated (possibly in post proto-Slavic period) the meaning “barrage, wall” under the influence of akin Latin vallum, Proto-Germanic *wallą.

NounEdit

*vȃlъ m[1][2]

  1. roll, slump, downturn
    Synonym: *katъ
  2. (by extension) wave, billow
  3. (possibly deverbalial from *vaľati) roller, cylinder (tool/shape)
    Synonym: *vaľakъ
  4. (by extension, possibly post-Slavic) barrage, heap, dyke, embankment
    Synonym: *sъpъ

DeclensionEdit

Both o- and u-stem paradigms are attested, without clarity which meaning comes from which declension type:

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: валъ (valŭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
  • Non-Slavic:
    • Romanian: val (wave)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “valъ valu”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (NA 127, 137; PR 137); d (RPT 99, 103)”
  2. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “val”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar3 (in Slovene), https://fran.si: “Pslovan. *vȃlъ”

Further readingEdit