This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Probably convergence of two or more cognate terms, at least some of which reflect Proto-Balto-Slavic *wālás (o-stem) ~ *wālús (u-stem), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *welH- (to revolve). Cognate with Lithuanian võlas (clump, rolling, large wave), dial. Latvian vā̀ls, vâls (descend).

Some descendants have added/innovated (possibly in post proto-Slavic period) the meaning “barrage, wall” under the influence of akin Latin vallum, Proto-Germanic *wallą.


*vȃlъ m[1][2]

  1. roll, slump, downturn
    Synonym: *katъ
  2. (by extension) wave, billow
  3. (possibly deverbalial from *vaľati) roller, cylinder (tool/shape)
    Synonym: *vaľakъ
  4. (by extension, possibly post-Slavic) barrage, heap, dyke, embankment
    Synonym: *sъpъ


Both o- and u-stem paradigms are attested, without clarity which meaning comes from which declension type:

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: валъ (valŭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
  • Non-Slavic:
    • Romanian: val (wave)


  1. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “valъ valu”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (NA 127, 137; PR 137); d (RPT 99, 103)”
  2. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “val”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar3 (in Slovene), “Pslovan. *vȃlъ”

Further readingEdit