Reconstruction:Proto-Turkic/kï̄ŕ

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This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-TurkicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Akin to *kï̄rkïn (maiden, slave girl), *kïrnak (slave girl); compared to Proto-Tungusic *girkī (mate, wife).

NounEdit

*kï̄ŕ

  1. girl
  2. woman
DescendantsEdit
  • Karakhanid: قٖيزْ(qï̄z)
  • Kipchak: [script needed] (qïz)
  • Old Turkic
  • Bulghar
  • Karluk
    • Chagatai: [script needed] (qïz)
  • Kipchak
  • Oghuz
    • Azerbaijani: qız
    • Gagauz: kız
    • Ottoman Turkish: قیز(qïz) (see there for further descendants)
    • Salar: [script needed] (qyz)
    • Turkmen: gȳz
  • Siberian

Etymology 2Edit

Akin to *kï̄ŕ- (to be red). The root is not directly attested, therefore the meaning is obscure. However compare Proto-Turkic *kï̄r (grey) (Turkish kır (grey)), Proto-Mongolic *küri (brown) (cf. Mongolian хүрэн (khüren, brown)), Proto-Tungusic *xuri- (grey) (cf. Evenki урим (urim, grey)).

NounEdit

*kï̄ŕ

  1. ? red, dark thing
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Clauson, Gerard (1972) , “kı:z”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 679
  • Clauson, Gerard (1972) , “kızar-”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 685
  • Clauson, Gerard (1972) , “kırkın”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 654
  • Clauson, Gerard (1972) , “kırna:k”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 661
  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003) , “*Kɨ̄ŕ”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003) , “*k`i̯ū́ŕu”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill