Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/fōlijan

This Proto-West Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-West GermanicEdit


Unknown; presumably related to Old Norse falma (to grope, feel; to be astonished), perhaps from Proto-Germanic *fōlijaną,[1][2] secondary causative of strong verb *falaną, perhaps from either Proto-Indo-European *pólh₁-e ~ *pl̥h₁-ḗr or *ph₁l-é-ti, from *pelh₁- (to stroke). Possibly cognate with Latin palpō (to stroke, soothe), Ancient Greek πάλλω (pállō, to sway, swing), ψηλᾰφᾰ́ω (psēlapháō, to feel, grope for).[3]



  1. to feel
  2. to taste


Class 1 weak
Infinitive *fōlijan
1st sg. past *fōlidā
Infinitive *fōlijan
Genitive infin. *fōlijannjas
Dative infin. *fōlijannjē
Instrum. infin. *fōlijannju
Indicative Present Past
1st singular *fōliju *fōlidā
2nd singular *fōlisi *fōlidēs, *fōlidōs
3rd singular *fōliþi *fōlidē, *fōlidā
1st plural *fōlijum *fōlidum
2nd plural *fōliþ *fōlidud
3rd plural *fōlijanþ *fōlidun
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular *fōlijē *fōlidī
2nd singular *fōlijēs *fōlidī
3rd singular *fōlijē *fōlidī
1st plural *fōlijēm *fōlidīm
2nd plural *fōlijēþ *fōlidīd
3rd plural *fōlijēn *fōlidīn
Imperative Present
Singular *fōli
Plural *fōliþ
Present Past
Participle *fōlijandī *fōlid



  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*fōlijan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 150-151
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003) , “*fōljanan”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 109
  3. 3.0 3.1 Boutkan, Dirk; Siebinga, Sjoerd (2005) , “fela 1”, in Old Frisian Etymological Dictionary (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 1), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 103: “*fōlijanaN (P(W)Gmc.)”
  4. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989) , “fühlen”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN, page 235: “wg. *fōl-ija-”