From Middle English Rome, from Old English Rōm, Rūm, from Proto-Germanic *Rūmō and influenced by Late Latin Rōma (“Rome, Constantinople”), from Classical Latin Rōma (“Rome”). In Roman mythology, the name was said to derive from Romulus, one of the founders of the city and its first king.
The name appears in a wide range of forms in Middle English, including Rom, Room, Roome, and Rombe as well as Rome; by early modern English, it appeared as Rome, Room, and Roome, with the spelling Rome occurring in Shakespeare and common from the early 18th century on. The final spelling was influenced by Norman, Middle French, Anglo-Norman, and Old French Rome.
- (UK), enPR: rōm, IPA(key): /ɹəʊm/, (archaic, dialectal) IPA(key): /ɹum/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (US), enPR: rōm, IPA(key): /ɹoʊm/
- Rhymes: -əʊm
- Homophones: roam, Rom
- A city on the Tiber River on the Italian peninsula; ancient capital of the Roman Empire; capital city of Italy; capital city of the region of Lazio.
- c. 1599, William Shakespeare, The Tragedie of Iulius Cæsar, I ii 157:
- 1866 December 8, 'Filius Ecclesiæ', Notes & Queries, "Rome:Room", 456 1:
- Within the last thirty weeks I have heard the word Rome pronounced Room by several old-fashioned people in the north of Ireland, some of my own relations among the number. On remonstrating with one of these, she said, "It was always Room when I was at school (say about 1830), and I am too old to change it now."
- (metonymically) The Italian government.
- Ancient Rome; the former Roman Empire; Roman civilization.
- 1594, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, I i 82:
- 1711, Alexander Pope, "An Essay on Criticism", 39:
- Learning and Rome alike in Empire grew,
And Arts still follow'd where her Eagles flew;
From the same Foes [viz., Tyranny and Superstition], at last, both felt their Doom,
And the same Age saw Learning fall, and Rome.
- Learning and Rome alike in Empire grew,
- 1820, Lord Byron, Marino Faliero, V i:
- A wife's dishonour unking'd Rome for ever.
- The Holy See, the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church, particularly prior to the establishment of the Vatican City in the 19th century.
- The Church of Rome, the Roman Catholic Church generally.
- A metropolitan city of Lazio, Italy.
- A surname.
- (archaic) Romeburg, Romeburgh, Romeland, Romelede, Romethede, Rome town
- (dated) Rome city
- Istanbul, Constantinople (new Rome)
- Moscow (third Rome, new Rome)
- when in Rome, do as the Romans do
- Rome was not built in a day
- do not sit in Rome and strive with the Pope
- all roads lead to Rome
- go to Rome with a mortar on one's head
- (dated) Romish
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (capital of Italy) From Middle Dutch rome.
- (Maasdriel) First attested as Rome in 1830-1855. Named after the Italian city, allegedly because many Roman artefacts were found there.
- Rome (the capital city of Italy)
- Rome (a metropolitan city of Lazio, Italy)
- A hamlet in Maasdriel, Gelderland, Netherlands.
- Afrikaans: Rome
- à Rome, fais comme les Romains
- Nouvelle Rome
- Rome antique
- Rome ne s'est pas faite en un jour
- tous les chemins mènent à Rome
- plural of
- le due Rome, the two Romes
- Rome (a city, the capital of the Papacy; ancient capital of the Roman Empire)
- p. 1154, “AD 1129”, in Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (MS. Laud Misc. 636, continuation), Peterborough, folio 87, verso; republished at Oxford: Digital Bodleian, 8 February 2018:
- c. 1382, Geffray Chaucer [i.e., Geoffrey Chaucer], “Boetius de consolatione Philosophie: The Fyrst Boke”, in [William Thynne], editor, The Workes of Geffray Chaucer Newlye Printed, […], [London: […] Richard Grafton for] Iohn Reynes […], OCLC 932884868, folio ccxxxv, recto, column 1:
- But now I am removed from the cyte of Rome almoſt .V.C.M. paas, I am wythoute defence dampned to pꝛoscrepcion and to deathe […]
- But now I've been sent almost 500,000 paces from the city of Rome; I am without defence, sentenced to exile and death.
- c. 1386–1388, Geffray Chaucer [i.e., Geoffrey Chaucer], “The Legende of Good Women: The Legende of Lucresse of Rome”, in [William Thynne], editor, The Workes of Geffray Chaucer Newlye Printed, […], [London: […] Richard Grafton for] Iohn Reynes […], OCLC 932884868, folio ccxxv, verso, column 2:
- Ne never was ther king in Rome towne / Syns thilke day, ⁊ ſhe was holden there […]
- There was never a king in Rome after that day, and she was seen there […]
- The Roman Empire.
- French: Rome
- Norman: Rome
- Picard: Rome
- Walloon: Rome