English

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Ancient Greek Στύξ (Stúx).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Styx

  1. (Greek mythology) The river, in Hades, over which the souls of the dead are ferried by Charon.
    Coordinate terms: Acheron, Cocytus, Eridanus, Lethe, Phlegethon
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, “Book I”, in The Faerie Queene. [], London: [] [John Wolfe] for William Ponsonbie, →OCLC, page 13:
      A bold bad man, that dar'd to call by name / Great Gorgon, prince of darknes and dead night, / At which Cocytus quakes and Styx is put to flight.
    • 1837, Thomas Carlyle, chapter IV, in The French Revolution: A History [], volume I (The Bastille), London: Chapman and Hall, →OCLC, book IV (States-General):
      For two-and-twenty years he [Doctor Guillotin], unguillotined, shall hear nothing but guillotine, see nothing but guillotine; then dying, shall through long centuries wander, as it were, a disconsolate ghost, on the wrong side of Styx and Lethe; his name like to outlive Cæsar’s.
  2. (astronomy) The 5th moon of Pluto, discovered in 2012.
    Coordinate terms: Charon, Nix, Kerberos, Hydra

Derived terms

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Translations

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See also

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Anagrams

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Czech

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Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs
 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology

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Borrowed from Ancient Greek Στύξ (Stúx).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Styx m inan

  1. (Greek mythology) Styx, the river in Hades, over which the souls of the dead are ferried by Charon
    • 1906, Vladislav Kalousek, “Styx”, in Ottův slovník naučný[2], volume XXIV, Praha: J. Otto, page 315:
      V podsvětí pak ze Stygy opět vyvěrá Kókytos.
      The Kokytos issues from the Styx in the Underworld.
  2. (astronomy) Styx, a moon of Pluto [since 2013]
    • 2015 June 4, “Pluto a jeho měsíce jsou tak trochu splašená mini soustava”, in Česká televize[3]:
      Nix, Hydra a podle přesvědčení vědců i Kerberos a Styx mají navíc spíš oválný než kulatý tvar, což ještě víc přispívá k jejich nepředvídatelným oběžným drahám.
      The shape of Nix, Hydra and, as scientists are convinced, also Kerberos and Styx is more oval than round, which contributes to unpredictibility of their orbits even more.

Declension

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Proper noun

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Styx f

  1. (Greek mythology) Styx, the goddess of the river Styx in Hades
    • 1906, Vladislav Kalousek, “Styx”, in Ottův slovník naučný[4], volume XXIV, Praha: J. Otto, page 315:
      [] děti její stále obklopují trůn Zévův a Styx stala se bohyní božské přísahy.
      [] her children keep surrounding the Zeus's throne and Styx became the goddess of the divine oath.

Usage notes

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  • The grammatical gender of Styx in the sense of the mythological river can be both masculine and feminine, but the feminine seems obsolete. Current grammar manuals suggest only masculine. (The feminine gender was proposed e. g. in a textbook for secondary schools by M. Blažek in 1877.[1]) However, when speaking about the goddess of the river, the feminine gender has to be used.

Declension

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Derived terms

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See also

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Solar System in Czech · sluneční soustava (layout · text)
Star Slunce
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Merkur Venuše Země Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturn Uran Neptun Pluto Eris
Notable
moons
Měsíc Phobos/Fobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymed
Callisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Iapetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Charon Dysnomia

References

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  1. ^ M. Blažek (1877) Mluvnice jazyka českého[1], Brno, pages 115–116

Further reading

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  • Styx in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • Styx in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French

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French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology

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From Ancient Greek Στύξ (Stúx).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Styx m or f

  1. (Greek mythology) Styx

German

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Ancient Greek Στύξ (Stúx).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Styx m (proper noun, strong, genitive Styx)

  1. (Greek mythology) Styx

Declension

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Further reading

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Latin

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Etymology

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From Ancient Greek Στύξ (Stúx).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Styx f sg (genitive Stygis or Stygos); third declension

  1. The river Styx

Declension

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Third-declension noun (Greek-type, normal variant or non-Greek-type), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Styx
Genitive Stygos
Stygis
Dative Stygī
Accusative Styga
Stygem
Ablative Styge
Vocative Styx

References

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  • Styx”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Styx in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Turkish

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Turkish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia tr

Proper noun

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Styx

  1. (Greek mythology) Alternative spelling of Stiks
  2. (astronomy) Styx