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{{de-conj-strong|present stem|past stem|past participle|perfect tense auxiliary|e|2nd and 3rd person singular stem|conjunctive II stem|a|e|separable prefix|e|e}}

This template generates a verb conjugation table for German strong verbs. It takes the following parameters:

  1. the present stem (i.e. the present form without any ending: les for lesen, helf for helfen etc). Required.
  2. the past stem. Required. For verbs with two past forms, a second stem may be added using the parameter 2b (e.g. for anheben, 2=hob|2b=hub is used).
  3. the past participle. Required.
  4. the auxiliary verb; set to h for haben, s for sein.
  5. set to e for verbs whose stem ends in d/t. Otherwise leave blank.
  6. the 2nd and 3rd person singular stem, if different from the present stem (e.g. lesen). Otherwise leave blank.
  7. conjunctive II stem, if different from the past stem (e.g. helfen). Otherwise leave blank. For verbs with two conjunctive II forms, a second stem may be added using the parameter 7b (e.g. for beheben, 7=behöb|7b=behüb is used).
  8. set to 1 if -te is not appended to the past stem (most verbs don't append -te, so should be set to 1). Otherwise leave blank.
  9. set to 1 if the second singular imperative form never ends in -e (e.g. bergen). If singular imperative forms both with and without -e are found, leave this parameter blank.
  10. separable prefix, if applicable
  11. set to 1 if the imperative singular takes the same vowel as the infinitive, not the vowel of the second-person singular indicative as specified in parameter 6. For example, in fahren, parameter 11 should be set to 1 as the singular imperative is fahr(e) but the second-person singular indicative is fährst (with a different vowel).
  12. set to 1 for verbs whose stem ends in s, x, z, or ß.

Note: for parameters 8, 9, 11, and 12, anything at all can be entered; it need not be 1 specifically.


If any of the present participle, past participle, present tense forms, past tense forms, subjunctive I & II forms have red links, the page will be added to Category:German verbs with red links in their conjugation tables automatically.