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es Este usuario es hablante nativo de español.
en-3 This user is able to contribute with an advanced level of English.
This user's native script is the Latin alphabet.

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This user has an intermediate understanding of Katakana.
This user has an intermediate understanding of the International Phonetic Alphabet.
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Salvadoran, I guess. Ephemeral is beautiful word. I'm this guy: Saviourofthe

Adding Spanish related terms here 'cause I don't like Spanish Wikcionario design. Also find me on RateYourMusic!

My contributions

If you have doubts about any entry I've added you can contact me and I'll provide evidence of its usage! :)

Why don't I use this blatant impulse to fill the gaps in the internet, i.e. adding all music releases to artists, cover arts, learning about every genre, making a database, or add missing terms to Wiktionary, to study harder and fill up the gaps in my own knowledge instead? Why shouldn't I use this insatiable completeness hyperfixation to hone my own abilities?

Any of various non-finite verb forms in various languages. In English, a "gerund" refers to a verb in its -ing form when used in a way that resembles the use of a noun. Despite showing noun-like behavior in the context of the surrounding sentence, gerunds show verbal behavior in the context of their own internal clause: they can take direct objects or be modified by adverbs. In this way, gerunds are distinguished from deverbal nouns ending in -ing, which occur in noun phrases that can take determiners or be modified by adjectives. For example, "manufacturing" is a gerund in the following sentence: "Efficiently manufacturing this device is difficult." It is a verbal noun (not a gerund) in this sentence: "The efficient manufacturing of this device is difficult." In other languages, gerund can refer to a form that often functions as an adverb to form adverbial phrases or the continuous tense.

When a participle functions as a noun, it is called a gerund. A participle may also function as an adjective (that is, a participial adjective), especially in attributive use. It can evolve to become either a true noun or a true adjective, or both, with a shift in meaning, sometimes substantial.

  • true noun: "The mapping of the city was a difficult task."
  • gerund: "Rapidly mapping the city was my best decision ever."
  • present participle / past participle: "I'm mapping the city right now." / "The sky darkened already."
  • participial adjective(s): "The mapping old man cries all night in the darkened sky."
  • -ed (adjective and not past participle verb if:)
    accepts gradable (very, so, pretty, too) or comparative (more, less than)
    adjective if be in "be X-ed" can be replaced by: become, feel, look, remain, seem, sound, keep.
    refers to the resultant state rather than to a specific event.
    "X-ed N" -> "N that has been X-ed" is impossible. (why it works? because The noun N in the form "X-ed N" functions as a Direct Object, thus if "X-ed" serves as a verb rather than an adjective, "X-ed" should be a transitive sense, not intransitive.) ("fallen tree" cannot be phrased as "A tree that has been fallen", because you can't "fall a tree")

Part-of-Speech Tagging Guidelines: NN or VBG; JJ or VBG; JJ or VBN


  • unccountable: If I can say "vomit fraud is a problem" (not THE or A vomit fraud) it might be uncountable. some (with singular), any (with singular) a lot of, a little, much, less, amount of,
  • countable: it can be counted: a, one, two, three, many, fewer, several, some (with plurals, or with singular in the sense: A certain, an unspecified or an unknown; He gave me some item I couldn't recognize), any (with plural or with singular in the 2nd sense: No matter what kind) number of, etc., may preceed the noun. Question: "how many?" makes sence.
  • "the" may be used in both cases.

how to quote: RQ:Chaucer Workes

Some obsolete typographic English variations:

  • -y -> -ie: shory -> shorie
  • add -e: sorrow -> sorrowe
  • s -> ſ
  • r -> ꝛ 
  • u -> v
  • v -> u
  • l -> ll
  • w -> vv

Scan mistakes

  • ſ (s) -> f, l, t(less common)
  • ꝛ (r) -> a, z, 2
  • t -> r, c
  • e -> c
  • rn <-> m
  • u -> n, a
  • h -> li, n, b
  • i -> 1
  • k -> s
  • l -> i
  • r <-> n
  • s -> a
  • rm <-> nn
  • ll -> U
  • <old 1500s gothic letters?>
  • o -> e
  • c -> t
  • f -> t
  • ct -> u (ligature)
  • oo -> o (ligature)
  • ee -> e (ligature)
  • I -> J, 2, q, A (capital I)
  • y -> v, p
  • l -> t
  • hola -> {{smallcaps|