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User:TheDaveRoss/testAF

< User:TheDaveRoss

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See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
100px

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a radical)

Han characterEdit

TheDaveRoss/testAF (radical 168 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸一女 (SMV), four-corner 71732)

  1. Kangxi radical #.

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1328, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1829, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4050, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9577

ChineseEdit

trad. (testAF) t e s t A F
simp. () [[#Chinese|]] [[#Chinese|]] [[#Chinese|]] [[#Chinese|]] [[#Chinese|]]

Glyph originEdit

Pictogram (象形) – originally long hair; compare .

Unrelated to visually similar , and notably does not have a diagonal stroke at lower left.

EtymologyEdit

Three pronunciations below are cognate, all derived from the original root of (*traŋ, “to make long; to stretch; to string a bow”).

Pronunciation 1 ("long") is the endopassive derivative ("be extended, be stretched"), with intransitive voicing. The lack of Tibeto-Burman cognates with the same meaning indicate that this is a Chinese innovation. Pronunciation 2 ("to grow") is the endoactive derivative.

See for more.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • dòng - colloquial;
  • diòng - literary.
Note:
Note:
  • deng5 - colloquial;
  • ciang5 - literary.

DefinitionsEdit

testAF

  1. long (of distance)
    長征 / 长征  ―  chángzhēng  ―  Long March
  2. length
    全長 / 全长  ―  quáncháng  ―  full length (of a river)
  3. long (in space); far; distant
  4. long (of time); lasting
  5. everlasting; permanent
  6. constantly; frequently
  7. straight; perfectly straight
  8. upright; right; good; fine
  9. strength; advantage; merit
  10. skill; specialism
  11. to excel in
  12. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • tióng/tiáng - literary;
  • tiúⁿ/tióⁿ - vernacular ("leader");
  • chiáng - colloquial ("to grow", limited).

DefinitionsEdit

testAF

  1. to begin to grow; to grow; to develop
    長大 / 长大  ―  zhǎngdà  ―  to grow old
  2. (of a person) to look; to appear (e.g. beautiful)
  3. (transitive) to increase; to enhance
  4. (intransitive) to increase; to go up
  5. to nourish
  6. old (of age)
    年長 / 年长  ―  niánzhǎng  ―  senior
  7. senior; elder
    兄長 / 兄长  ―  xiōngzhǎng  ―  elder brother
  8. leader; master; chief; head
  9. eldest; oldest

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

testAF

  1. (archaic) length; measure of length
  2. (archaic, Min) to be left over; surplus, residue
    今旦 [Min Dong, trad.]
    今旦 [Min Dong, simp.]
    Gĭng-dáng buông diông iā sâ̤ / [kiŋ⁵⁵⁻⁵³ (t-)nɑŋ²¹³ puɔŋ²⁴² tuɔŋ²⁴² ia³³ sɑ²⁴²] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]
    There is a lot of leftover food today.

CompoundsEdit



JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (drjang, long).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana ちょう, rōmaji chō, historical hiragana ちやう)

  1. chief, head, leader
     (はん) (ちょう)
    han chō
    the group leader
  2. strong point
     (ちょう ) ( の)ばす
    chō o nobasu
    enrich a strong point
  3. (music) major

AntonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana ひさし, rōmaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana たける, rōmaji Takeru)

  1. A male given name

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana おさ, rōmaji osa, historical hiragana をさ)

  1. chief, head, leader

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PrefixEdit

TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana なが, rōmaji naga-)

  1. long

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Irregular

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana つかさ, rōmaji tsukasa)

  1. a manager, a headman, a foreman
  2. an official
  3. government service

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
Irregular

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana たき, rōmaji taki)

  1. height

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
Irregular

/take2/: [takye] → [take]. Cognate with (taka, height), 高い (takai, high), and 長ける (takeru, to be high).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana たけ, rōmaji take)

  1. height

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

testAF (jang)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: chang, Yale: cang)
    • Name (hangeul): 길다 (revised: gilda, McCune-Reischauer: kilda, Yale: kilta)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

CharacterEdit

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Nom Foundation
  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)