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User:TheDaveRoss/testAF

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Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
100px

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a radical)

Han characterEdit

TheDaveRoss/testAF (radical 168, +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸一女 (SMV), four-corner 71732)

  1. Kangxi radical #.

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1328, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1829, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4050, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9577

ChineseEdit

trad. (testAF) t e s t A F
simp. () [[#Chinese|]] [[#Chinese|]] [[#Chinese|]] [[#Chinese|]] [[#Chinese|]]

Glyph originEdit

Pictogram (象形) – originally long hair; compare .

Unrelated to visually similar , and notably does not have a diagonal stroke at lower left.

EtymologyEdit

Three pronunciations below are cognate, all derived from the original root of (*traŋ, “to make long; to stretch; to string a bow”).

Pronunciation 1 ("long") is the endopassive derivative ("be extended, be stretched"), with intransitive voicing. The lack of Tibeto-Burman cognates with the same meaning indicate that this is a Chinese innovation. Pronunciation 2 ("to grow") is the endoactive derivative.

See for more.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • dòng - colloquial;
  • diòng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    Note:
    • deng5 - colloquial;
    • ciang5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • DefinitionsEdit

    testAF

    1. long (of distance)
      長征 / 长征  ―  chángzhēng  ―  Long March
    2. length
      全長 / 全长  ―  quáncháng  ―  full length (of a river)
    3. long (in space); far; distant
    4. long (of time); lasting
    5. everlasting; permanent
    6. constantly; frequently
    7. straight; perfectly straight
    8. upright; right; good; fine
    9. strength; advantage; merit
    10. skill; specialism
    11. to excel in
    12. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • tióng/tiáng - literary;
    • tiúⁿ/tióⁿ - vernacular ("leader");
    • chiáng - colloquial ("to grow", limited).
  • Wu
  • DefinitionsEdit

    testAF

    1. to begin to grow; to grow; to develop
      長大 / 长大  ―  zhǎngdà  ―  to grow old
    2. (of a person) to look; to appear (e.g. beautiful)
    3. (transitive) to increase; to enhance
    4. (intransitive) to increase; to go up
    5. to nourish
    6. old (of age)
      年長 / 年长  ―  niánzhǎng  ―  senior
    7. senior; elder
      兄長 / 兄长  ―  xiōngzhǎng  ―  elder brother
    8. leader; master; chief; head
    9. eldest; oldest

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    testAF

    1. (archaic) length; measure of length
    2. (archaic, Min) to be left over; surplus, residue
      今旦 [Min Dong, trad.]
      今旦 [Min Dong, simp.]
      Gĭng-dáng buông diông iā sâ̤ / [kiŋ⁵⁵⁻⁵³ (t-)nɑŋ²¹³ puɔŋ²⁴² tuɔŋ²⁴² ia³³ sɑ²⁴²] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]
      There is a lot of leftover food today.

    CompoundsEdit



    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (drjang, long).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana ちょう, rōmaji chō, historical hiragana ちやう)

    1. chief, head, leader
       (はん) (ちょう)
      han chō
      the group leader
    2. strong point
       (ちょう ) ( の)ばす
      chō o nobasu
      enrich a strong point
    3. (music) major

    AntonymsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana ひさし, rōmaji Hisashi)

    1. A male given name

    TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana たける, rōmaji Takeru)

    1. A male given name

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana おさ, rōmaji osa, historical hiragana をさ)

    1. chief, head, leader

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    PrefixEdit

    TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana なが, rōmaji naga-)

    1. long

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    Irregular

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana つかさ, rōmaji tsukasa)

    1. a manager, a headman, a foreman
    2. an official
    3. government service

    Etymology 5Edit

    Kanji in this term
    Irregular

    PronunciationEdit

    • (Irregular reading)

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana たき, rōmaji taki)

    1. height

    Etymology 6Edit

    Kanji in this term
    Irregular

    /take2/: [takye] → [take]. Cognate with (taka, height), 高い (takai, high), and 長ける (takeru, to be high).

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    TheDaveRoss/testAF (hiragana たけ, rōmaji take)

    1. height

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    testAF (jang)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: chang, Yale: cang)
      • Name (hangeul): 길다 (revised: gilda, McCune–Reischauer: kilda, Yale: kilta)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    CharacterEdit

    ReadingsEdit

    TheDaveRoss/testAF: Hán Việt readings: trường, trườn, tràng, trưởng, trành, trướng

    ReferencesEdit

    • Nom Foundation
    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)