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Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2017/November

< Wiktionary:Word of the day‎ | Archive‎ | 2017

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1Edit

 

Word of the day for November 1
listicle n
  1. (informal) An article based around a list.

  The American Internet media company BuzzFeed, known for publishing listicles, was founded on this day in 2006.

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Word of the day for November 3
bokeh n
  1. (photography) A subjective aesthetic quality of out-of-focus areas of an image projected by a camera lens.

  Culture Day is observed in Japan on this day to promote culture, the arts, and academic endeavour.

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4Edit

 

Word of the day for November 4
kirtle n
  1. A knee-length tunic.
  2. A short jacket.
  3. A woman's gown; a woman's outer petticoat or skirt.
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5Edit

 

Word of the day for November 5
loss leader n
  1. (marketing) An item that is sold at or below cost in an effort to stimulate other profitable sales.
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6Edit

 

Word of the day for November 6
Bolshevism n
  1. (politics, historical) The strategy used by the Bolsheviks in attempting to gain power in Russia.
  2. (politics, historical) The Communist political ideology adopted by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; Marxism-Leninism.

  The 100th anniversary of the October Revolution (7–8 November 1917; 25–26 October in the Old Style calendar), which led to the rise of the Soviet Union, takes place this year.

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7Edit

 

Word of the day for November 7
Vukovian n
  1. (historical) Chiefly in the plural form Vukovians: a member of a group of Croatian linguists active at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century who supported the ideas of Serbian philologist and linguist Vuk Karadžić (1787–1864) concerning the standardization of the Croatian variety of the Serbo-Croatian language.

  Vuk Karadžić was born on this day 230 years ago in 1787.

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8Edit

 

Word of the day for November 8
Montezuma's revenge n
  1. (humorous) Diarrhea experienced by tourists after drinking water or eating food in Mexico as a result of a bacteria strain to which native Mexicans are immune.

  Aztec ruler Montezuma or Moctezuma II met Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés for the first time on this day in 1519.

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9Edit

 

Word of the day for November 9
whatchamacallit n
  1. (slang) A metasyntactic term used for any object the actual name of which the speaker does not know or cannot remember; a doodad, gizmo, thingamajig, thingy.
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10Edit

 

Word of the day for November 10
omnibus adj
  1. Containing multiple items.
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11Edit

 

Word of the day for November 11
bachelor's fare n
  1. (dated) A simple meal that requires no cooking, such as bread and cheese.

  Today is Singles’ Day, a festival celebrating singlehood that originated from China in the 1990s. The 11th of November was chosen as the number 1 represents an individual who is alone.

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Word of the day for November 13
go it alone v
  1. (colloquial) To do something alone or independently, especially something that is normally or better done in groups.
  2. (card games) To play a hand without the assistance of one's partner.
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14Edit

 

Word of the day for November 14
blowhard n
  1. (Canada, US, derogatory) A person who talks too much or too loudly, especially in a boastful or self-important manner.
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15Edit

 

Word of the day for November 15
jingoistic adj
  1. Overly patriotic or nationalistic, often with an element of favouring war or an aggressive foreign policy.
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Word of the day for November 17
baker's dozen n
  1. (idiomatic) Thirteen; a group of thirteen.
  2. (Cockney rhyming slang) A cousin.

  Today is apparently celebrated by some people as Homemade Bread Day.

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Word of the day for November 19
ruff n
  1. A circular frill or ruffle on a garment, especially a starched, fluted frill at the neck in Elizabethan and Jacobean England (1560s–1620s).
  2. Anything formed with plaits or flutings like a frill.
  3. Senses relating to animals.
    1. Philomachus pugnax (syn. Calidris pugnax), a gregarious, medium-sized wading bird of Eurasia; specifically, a male of the species which develops a distinctive ruff of feathers and ear tufts during mating season (the female is called a reeve).
    2. (ornithology) A set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers on or around the neck of a bird.
    3. (zoology) A collar of lengthened or distinctively coloured fur on or around the neck of an animal.
  4. (engineering) A collar on a shaft or other piece to prevent endwise motion.
  5. (obsolete) An exhibition of haughtiness or pride.
  6. (obsolete) Tumultuous or wanton conduct or procedure.
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24Edit

 

Word of the day for November 24
Cambrian explosion proper n
  1. (evolutionary biology) The relatively rapid appearance, during the Cambrian Period around 541 million years ago, of most major animal phyla, as demonstrated in the fossil record.

Cambrian explosion n

  1. (by extension) The rapid appearance of anything.

  English naturalist and geologist Charles Darwin’s book On the Origin of Species, considered the foundation of evolutionary biology, was published on this day in 1859.

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25Edit

 

Word of the day for November 25
biennium n
  1. A period of two years.

  Today is the eve of the closing of the 2017 Venice Biennale.

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26Edit

 

Word of the day for November 26
creatify v
  1. (transitive, neologism) To render more creative; to creativize.

  American urban theorist Richard L. Florida, who popularized the term in the 21st century, was born on this day in 1957.

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27Edit

 

Word of the day for November 27
saleable adj
  1. Suitable for sale; marketable; worth enough to try to sell.

  Today, the Monday after Thanksgiving, is Cyber Monday, which was introduced by marketing companies in 2005 to encourage online shopping.

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28Edit

 

Word of the day for November 28
trypophobia n
  1. An irrational or obsessive fear of irregular patterns or clusters of small holes, such as those found in honeycombs.
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Word of the day for November 30
gillie n
  1. (Scotland, originally) A male attendant of a Scottish Highland chief.
  2. (Britain, Ireland, Scotland) A fishing and hunting guide; a man or boy who attends to a person who is fishing or hunting, especially in Scotland.

  Today is Saint Andrew’s Day, Scotland’s national day.

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