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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in 1529. Either from Middle French abolition, or directly from Latin abolitiō, from aboleō (destroy).[1] Compare French abolition. See abolish.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abolition (plural abolitions)

  1. The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of laws, decrees, ordinances, customs, taxes, debts, etc. [First attested around the early 16th century.][2]
  2. (historical, often capitalised, Britain, US) The ending of the slave trade or of slavery. [First attested around the early 18th century.][2]
  3. (historical, often capitalised, Australia) The ending of convict transportation. [First attested around the late 18th century.][2]
  4. (obsolete) An amnesty; a putting out of memory. [Attested from the early 17th century to the early 19th century.][2]

Usage notesEdit

The sense "amnesty", and in general any reference to "abolition of" a person, is now obsolete or unusual.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 3-4
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 “abolition” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-19-860457-0, page 6.

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abolition f (plural abolitions)

  1. abolition.

Further readingEdit